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Anatoly Fomenko - Zodiacs, Timeline of Egypt Cut In Stone (2005)

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We are all aware that history can not be considered as an area of knowledge where the portrayed facts are scientifically supported. It was always an arena for political or nationalistic manipulations and smaller or larger falsification. Ancient history is not an exception and in fact its problems are
more serious than one could suspect.

All the authors of this book are mathematicians and we would like to illustrate how modern
applied mathematics can be used to investigate the chronology of ancient events. Our results challenge the correctness of the ancient chronology supported by the overwhelming opinion of reputable experts in history. It is not our intention to create a sensation or to discredit anybody. Our objective is to attract more attention to a serious scientific problem.

We are aware that it was always extremely hard to introduce principally new ideas in any field
of knowledge. There are numerous examples in physics, mathematics, biology, medicine and other
sciences, when the new theories were only accepted after long years of absolute rejection by almost all experts. Nevertheless, every area of science had its turning points when, with hesitation and lots of pain, old and well established knowledge was rejected to accept new concepts. Such reversals happened before in astronomy, mechanics, chemistry, physics and even in mathematics. There were also reversals in economics and psychology as well. Surprisingly, the historical chronology throughout
the last four centuries remains intact. There was no significant improvement of the chronology in
spite of the computer technology and modern methods of data analysis.

Nowadays, more and more mathematics is used in social areas. During the last century, economics
owes its development to mathematics. There is a growing need for mathematics in psychology,
sociology, demography, social epidemiology and criminology. Not surprisingly, mathematics is also
trying to make its contribution in areas that seem to be quite distant from it.

Historical chronology, when it was created in the 17th century was considered as a part of
mathematics (even J. Scaliger, who is know as the creator of the presently accepted version of
the chronology, considered himself to be a mathematician). Later, it was incorporated as a part of
history, which is a pure social science not relying on the natural sciences methodology. Without solid
scientific tools, historians are not able to solve principal problems existing in the chronology (clearly,
problems exist in any area of knowledge). In our book, we will show that there are serious problems
in a very foundation of the conventional chronology.

How anybody can be sure that historical events we learned about in school, from books or even
movies, really took place? Maybe some of them are simply fairy tales or fantasies that are considered
now to be historical facts. However, a prevailing opinion is that there is no reason to worry about
the accuracy of the conventional chronology. Historians claim that their work provides us with clear
and comprehensive explanations of every historical epoch and that strictly scientific methods, for example the carbon-14 dating and dendrochronology support it. However, there are serious problems with usage of physical methods to support the conventional chronology.

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Anatoly Fomenko - Zodiacs, Timeline of Egypt Cut In Stone (2005) PDF