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1. The Forgotten Revolution: How Science Was Born in 300 BC and Why it Had to Be Reborn - by by Lucio Russo & Silvio Levy 2004 ($36.48)

The third and second centuries BC witnessed, in the Greek world, a scientific and technological explosion. Greek culture had reached great heights in art, literature and philosophy already in the earlier classical era, but it was in the age of Archimedes and Euclid that science as we know it was born, and gave rise to sophisticated technology that would not be seen again until the 18th century. This scientific revolution was also accompanied by great changes and a new kind of awareness in many other fields, including art and medicine.
What were the landmarks in the meteoric rise of science 2300 years ago? Why are they so little known today, even among scientists, classicists and historians? How do they relate to the post-1500 science that we are familiar with from school? What led to the end of ancient science? These are the questions that this book discusses, in the belief that the answers bear on choices we face today.

2. Liverpool and Transatlantic Slavery - by Suzanne Schwarz and Anthony Tibbles ed. David Richardson 2007 ($49.99)

David Richardson is Professor of Economic History at the University of Hull. His research field is African trade and the development of the North Atlantic economy 1650-1850. Within this broad field he is particularly interested in the trans-Atlantic slave trade, the resulting labour flows and their impact on Britain, West Africa, the Caribbean, and North America. He has also acted as a consultant for several TV programmes relating to the slave trade. He is currently working with the Antislavery Society writing material for the schools' project of the UNESCO Slave Route Project. Previous publications include Routes to Slavery: Direction, Ethnicity, and Mortality in the Transatlantic Slave Trade (Frank Cass, 1997). He also co-edited The Transatlantic Slave Trade 1527-1867 A Database Prepared at the W.E.B.Du Bois Institute, Harvard University (ed. with D.Eltis, S.D.Behrendt, and H.S.Klein) (Cambridge University Press, CD-Rom). Suzanne Schwarz is a Professor of History at Liverpool Hope University. Her research interests focus on the Atlantic slave trade and the development of the Sierra Leone Company in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century. A new edition of her book Slave Captain: The Career of James Irving in the Liverpool Slave Trade will be published by LUP in Fall 2007. Anthony Tibbles is Keeper of the Merseyside Maritime Museum. He is a Fellow of the Royal Historic Society and is currently leading on the new National Museum and Centre for the Understanding of Transatlantic Slavery.

3. The arming and fitting of English ships of war 1600-1815 - by Brian Lavery 1998 ($67.50)

This all-inclusive volume covers every aspect of fitting out and arming wooden warships in the Royal Navy.
This is a vast collection of information, fully illustrated with photos of models and contemporary engravings, outlining developments as they were made in the English man-of-war. Lifestyles, customs, and fighting tactics, and their relationship to changes in architecture and fittings, are also covered

4. Death and Memory in Early Medieval Britain (Cambridge Studies in Archaeology) - by Howard Williams 2006 ($104.00)

'It is one of the great strengths of his book that it treats the whole of mainland Britain (and the isle of Man) on an even footing and over more than half a millennium bringing out this variation as well as some common themes and perhaps beliefs ... for 50 years prehistorians have, perhaps rightly, deplored the intellectual simplicity of the infant discipline of medieval archaeology. This is one of the books that will make them rethink that.' British Archaeology 'Howard William's book should launch a mature, careful and temperate debate ...' Journal of Medieval Archaeology '... nuanced and insightful ... thought-provoking ...' Archaeological Review from Cambridge 'Howard William's excellent book is thus greatly to be welcomed as the first extended survey of how the dead were remembered in early medieval Britain.' Antiquity

5. Medicine before the Plague: Practitioners and their Patients in the Crown of Aragon, 1285-1345 - by by Michael R. McVaugh 2002 ($43.00)

This book describes the medical world of the early fourteenth century through a study of the extensive archival material and contemporary writings which exist for eastern Spain in the decades before the Black Death. It describes the range of medical practice which then existed - a continuum ranging from scattered academic physicians to barbers and empirics - and gives evidence for the levels and numerical growth of these various occupations in early fourteenth-century communities (although it also emphasizes that occupational distinctions were not yet sharply drawn).
The newly translated Greco-Arabic medical learning was beginning to spread through this continuum of practice, and the book argues that public enthusiasm for the new learned medicine led to the 'medicalization' of certain social and legal institutions, thus preparing a role for a medical profession in this society before its physicians had shown any consciousness of collective self-interest and identity

6. 100 Decisive Battles: From Ancient Times to the Present - by Paul K. Davis 1999 ($65.00)

What if the Saxons had triumphed over the Normans in the Battle of Hastings? If Washington had lost the Battle of Trenton? If Lee had won at Gettysburg? If the Germans had held the Allies at bay in Normandy? The world would be much different, that's what. Key battles have shaped history since time immemorial. And now a handy reference work spotlights 100 of the world's most important military confrontations, from 1469 B.C. to A.D. 1991.
Whenever anyone makes "the definitive list" on a subject, their choices are going to be second-guessed. Davis acknowledges the likelihood of continued debate regarding his selections in his preface. For example, why was Singapore included in the World War II section but not El-Alamien, why Leuctra and not Cannae, and so forth. For this list, his criteria included major social or political change resulting from the battle's outcome and major changes in warfare. He also states that he drew extensively upon the expertise of members of H-WAR, an Internet news group of military historians, in deciding which battles to include.

Entries begin in 1479 B.C. with Megiddo and end in 1991 with Desert Storm. There are familiar battles (Gettysburg, Marathon, Spanish Armada) and lesser known, such as Leuctra (371 B.C.), which ended Spartan dominance of the Greek peninsula. Non-European battles include Tsushima (1905), which established Japan as a naval force in their victory over Russia, and Huai Hai (Suchow) (1948^-1949), which ultimately led to the establishment of Taiwan.

Each entry is about three pages long and begins with facts regarding the sides involved and the number of forces engaged and a one-paragraph statement of the battle's importance. This is followed by historical background, description of the battle, and an analysis of the results. There are maps for some but not all of the battles. Supplemental information, such as a discussion of the Monroe Doctrine, is highlighted in sidebars. References are included at the end of each article as well as in the 100-page bibliography. Books are the primary sources listed, with a few magazine articles included.

This title provides broader coverage than John Macdonald's Great Battlefields of the World (Macmillan, 1985), which discusses only 30 battles; and it complements the more comprehensive Dictionary of Wars [RBB N 15 99]. It is a good specialized resource for world military history that could be used by high-school students as well as military-history buffs. Recommended for high-school, public-library, and undergraduate collections.

7. India-Pakistan in War and Peace - by J.N.Dixit 2002 ($170.00)

As the Kashmir dispute brings India and Pakistan ominously close to nuclear war this book provides a compelling account of the history and politics of these two great South Asian rivals. Like the Israel-Palestine struggle, the Indian-Pakistan rivalry is a legacy of history. The two countries went to war within months of becoming independent and, over the following half-century, they have fought three other wars and clashed at the United Nations and every other global forum. It is a complex conflict, over religion and territory with two diametrically opposed views of nationhood and national imagination. J.N. Dixit, former foreign secretary of India, and one of the world's leading authorities on the region, has written a balanced and very readable account of the most tempestuous and potentially dangerous flashpoint in international politics.
Who can give better account than someone who has been in Foreign Services for long time. Mr. J.N.Dixit one of the most prominent figures of Indian ThinkTank today, gives first hand account of Pakistan and it's mindset. Stunning details about the mindset of Pakistani people towards India with facts is something worth reading. If someone thinks that People to People contacts between India and Pakistan can solve the problem of Kashmir think again. It is not about Kashmir. Pakistan's policy is to contain India from getting PowerStatus in the world. Be it Security Council Seat or anything else, it will always oppose India(even after Kashmir is solved), one of the stunning revelations is that it is backed by Japan(I always thought Japan was friend of India and also by Turkey(so called democratic Islamic State)). How US is always acting contary to the facts and it's own policies on Human Rights and Non Poliferation is also shown. US "tilt towards pakistan" during the Soviet-Afgan war and helping or atleast Ignoring the Nuclear poliferation by pakistan are well discussed

8. The Awful Truths: Famous Myths, Hilariously Debunked - by Brian M. Thomsen 2006 ($12.30)

Who was Mario Puzo's model for the Don Corleone character in The Godfather? Was it Joseph "Joe Bananas" Bonanno? The infamous Salvatore Maranzano? No . . . it was Puzo's mother! Senator Joseph McCarthy was responsible for the infamous "Hollywood Blacklist," right? Well, actually . . . no, he had nothing to do with it.
Perfect for the cocktail party pundit or trivia buff, the quirky tidbits in The Awful Truths turn history, culture, sports, and entertainment upside down. The book examines some of our culture's oldest, most popular myths, and tells the fascinating, hilarious, and shocking stories behind what really happened, accompanied by funny illustrations that bring the players to life. Each truth is supported with ironclad evidence that skillfully explains how and where our misconceptions originated. Sometimes the truth hurts—but with The Awful Truths, it doesn't have to.

9. In the Crosshairs: Famous Assassinations and Attempts From Julius Caesar to John Lennon - by Stephen J. Spignesi ($12.74)

In the Crosshairs looks at attempted and successful assassinations of high-profile celebrities, political figures, religious leaders, and many others. Each chapter includes a compelling account of an assassination (or attempted assassination), with complete details about the assassin, the victim, the circumstances of the attack and the outcome. In the Crosshairs also includes a unique "assassination timeline," a list of other notable assassination attempts throughout history, photos of many of the most infamous assassins and their victims, and rare archival materials, like the John Wilkes Booth "Wanted" poster and excerpts from original police reports. He also presents intriguing details like how President Anwar Sadat probably would have survived if he hadn't taken off his bulletproof vest-he didn't like the way it made his dress suit bulge. This surprising, informative, and intriguing book will find a place on every history buff's bookshelf.

10.The Knights Templar: The History and Myths of the Legendary Military Order - by Sean Martin 2004 ($10.26)

This book is an essential exploration into the history of a legendary group of Crusaders, which are prominently featured in Dan Brown's recent best seller, The Da Vinci Code. The Knights Templar rose from humble beginnings to become the most powerful military religious order of the Middle Ages. Formed to protect pilgrims in the Holy Land, they participated in the Crusades and rapidly gained wealth, lands, and influence. Seemingly untouchable for nearly two centuries, they fell from grace spectacularly after the loss of the Holy Land. In the ensuing centuries the Templars have exerted a unique influence over European history; orthodox historians see them as nothing more than soldier-monks whose arrogance was their ultimate undoing, while others see them as occultists of the first order. With clarity and ease, Martin navigates between the orthodox and the speculative, the historical and the myth, to bring alive the story of the Templars. Like those other legends of the Middle Ages—the characters of the Arthurian tales—The Knights Templar holds captive the imagination of all those intrigued by conspiracy and how history and myth intertwine to become the stuff of legend.

11. the Quest for the Ark of the Covenant: The True History of the Tablets of Moses - by Stuart Munro-Hay 2006 ($26.00)

In a chapel in the old crenellated church of Mary of Zion in Aksum, Ethiopia, is kept an object that emperors, patriarchs and priests have assured the world is the most important religious relic of all time: the Tabota Seyon, Ark of the Covenant, the Ark of Zion. This Ark is alleged to be no less than the Ark that Moses had constructed at Sinai and which destroyed the walls of Jericho. It was brought into Jerusalem by King David and installed in a magnificent temple by King Solomon. Then, the story goes, it came to Ethiopia of its own choice with the half-Ethiopian, half-Jewish son of Solomon and the Queen of Sheba. Are the legends true? From ancient texts to local stories, from the Bible to the writings of sixteenth and seventeenth-century Jesuits, Munro-Hay traces the extraordinary legend of Ethiopia's Ark in what is a triumph of historical detective work. He scrutinises every mention of the Ark in Ethiopian records and tests every theory before reaching his shocking conclusion.

12. The Lost Land of Lemuria: Fabulous Geographies, Catastrophic Histories - by Sumathi Ramaswamy 2004 ($20.65)

During the nineteenth century, Lemuria was imagined as a land that once bridged India and Africa but disappeared into the ocean millennia ago, much like Atlantis. A sustained meditation on a lost place from a lost time, this elegantly written book is the first to explore Lemuria's incarnations across cultures, from Victorian-era science to Euro-American occultism to colonial and postcolonial India. The Lost Land of Lemuria widens into a provocative exploration of the poetics and politics of loss to consider how this sentiment manifests itself in a fascination with vanished homelands, hidden civilizations, and forgotten peoples. More than a consideration of nostalgia, it shows how ideas once entertained but later discarded in the metropole can travel to the periphery--and can be appropriated by those seeking to construct a meaningful world within the disenchantment of modernity. Sumathi Ramaswamy ultimately reveals how loss itself has become a condition of modernity, compelling us to rethink the politics of imagination and creativity in our day.

"This path-breaking book makes novel and riveting connections between scientists and occultists in the West and Tamil nationalists in India. Ramaswamy's history of the fabulous and lost continent of Lemuria is a brilliant demonstration of how imagination travels." - Dipesh Chakrabarty, author of Provincializing Europe: Postcolonial Thought and Historical Difference "Sumathi Ramaswamy's important book is sure to ignite fresh interest in the place of lost lands in the modern imaginary. Her fascinating account of the least known of these - Lemuria - breathes new life into the centrality of 'labors of loss' in nationalist historiography. In refusing to dismiss such narratives as eccentric and inconsequential, Ramaswamy compels scholars to look anew at the fabulous and occult in order to understand the shaping of scientific and colonial modernity. Impeccably researched and elegantly written, this is altogether a marvelous read." - Gauri Viswanathan, Columbia University, author of Outside the Fold: Conversion, Modernity, and Belief"

13. Barbarians at the Gate: The Fall of RJR Nabisco - by Bryan Burrough 2003 ($12.38)

Barbarians at the Gate has been called one of the most influential business books of all time -- the definitive account of the largest takeover in Wall Street history. Bryan Burrough and John Helyar's gripping account of the frenzy that overtook Wall Street in October and November of 1988 is the story of deal makers and publicity flaks, of strategy meetings and society dinners, of boardrooms and bedrooms -- giving us not only a detailed look at how financial operations at the highest levels are conducted but also a richly textured social history of wealth at the twilight of the Reagan era.
Barbarians at the Gate -- a business narrative classic -- is must reading for everyone interested in the way today's world really works.

14. Ancient Greece (Edinburgh Leventis Studies) - by Sigrid Deger-Jalkotzy & Irene S. Lemos 2006 ($204.40)

This book is the most fundamental reinterpretation of Ancient Greek history, culture, and society in thirty years. The authors refute the traditional view of the Greek Dark Age with evidence of a steady progression from Mycenaean kingship to the conception of aristocratic nobility in the Archaic period.

15. Ancient Greece: From Prehistoric to Hellenistic Times - By Thomas R. Martin 2000 ($10.85)

This compact, comprehensive and illustrated history of ancient Greece takes us from the Stone Age roots of Greek civilisation to the early Hellenistic period following the death of Alexander the Great. Thomas Martin begins with a prehistory of late Stone Age activity that provides background for the conditions of later Greek life. He then describes the civilizations of the Minoans on the island of Crete and of their successors, the Mycanaeans, on the mainland; the Greek Dark Age and the Archaic Age; the Classical Age of Greece in the fifth and fourth centuries B.C.; the transformation of the kingdom of Macedonia into the greatest power in the Greek world; and the period after the death of Alexander the Great in 323 B.C., when monarchies emerging from Alexander’s fragmented empire once again came to dominate Greek history. The narrative integrates political, military, social and cultural history, with a focus on the development of the Greek city-state in the eighth to fourth centuries B.C. and on the society, literature and architecture of Athens in its Golden Age.

16. The Crowd: A Study IOf The Popular Mind - by Gustave Le Bon 2002 ($8.95)

One of the greatest and most influential books of social psychology ever written, brilliantly instructive on the general characteristics and mental unity of a crowd, its sentiments and morality, ideas, reasoning power, imagination, opinions and much more. A must-read volume for students of history, sociology, law and psychology.

17. The Lost Teachings of Atlantis - by Jon Peniel 1998 ($19.06)

It's still true that the author offers no proof as to the actuality of his story. (Nor does he even attempt to.) However, this doesn't matter much due to the nature of the material presented. The teachings are still important and powerful and insightful whether the personal story is factual or merely fictitous.
After having some time to "sleep on it" and some days to contemplate the basic message I have to admit to the truth of the message being presented here. It is this "selfish, separate self" that underlies the problems and miseries of the ages. The more self focused and self serving one becomes the greater the miseries and problems of life become. And obviously this holds true for families, countries and the world itself.
It is this underlying concept that any valid spiritual pathway attempts to instill in it's membership. Although the message may at time be diluted or distorted due to a number of other factors, it is still present within most world religions.
The teachings here are not always easy, nor are they what most of us long to hear...however, they are based on truth, they are based on the fundemental issues of what it means to be alive on this earth and how we can further our true purpose in living. If your looking for someone to give you a feel good placebo and not disturb your personal slumber then I suggest you look elsewhere. ( I tried this already...yet the truth of the message seemed to lurk behind every problem, every face, daily serving only to confirm what I tried to ignore)
Humility and selfless love is the pathway back to God, back to our true selves, there is no other. As Mr. Peniel and a great host of other voices point out to us the time is growing short. Our actions and our selfish way will have REactions, this is unavoidable. The very earth on which we live may undergo monumental changes in the near future. And we as a species must ourselves undergo monumental changes as well! This book is much more about taking action than just accepting some new belief. It urges us to turn away from endless theological arguments and focus our energies on the basic problems of the human dilemma.
I support this message and hope there are many more who will do so as well.

18. The Atlantis Encyclopedia - by Frank Joseph 2005 ($19.99)

A handbook of Atlantean information for general readers and specialists alike!
This is an invaluable, one-of-a-kind reference. Unlike most other books on the subject, The Atlantis Encyclopedia offers fewer theories and more facts. Although it does not set out to prove the sunken capital actually existed, The Atlantis Encyclopedia musters so much evidence on its behalf, even skeptics may conclude that there must be at least something factual behind such an enduring, indeed global legend. You’ll learn:
* What was Atlantis? * Where was it located? * How long ago did it flourish? * How was it destroyed? * What became of its survivors? * Have any remains of Atlantis ever been found? * Will Atlantis ever be found? * Did Atlantis have any impact on America?
"Of the estimated 2,500 books and magazine articles published about the lost civilization, The Atlantis Encyclopedia is the only one of its kind. It is an attempt to bring together all the known details of this immense, continually fascinating subject, as well as provide succinct definitions and clear explanations." - From the Atlantis Encyclopedia

Most books about the lost continent of Atlantis are largely theoretical. However, The Atlantis Encyclopedia is more fact oriented, focusing on areas such as geology, oceanography, and astronomy, as well as the numerous folk traditions around the world which preserve memories of a great flood. The exhaustive information presented in this book is the result of more than two decades of continuous study and international travel by the author. From Morocco's underground shrine to Britain's Stonehenge, seldom seen solar monuments in Japan's remote forests to a cannibal temple in Polynesia, Frank Joseph takes novice readers, specialists, and skeptics alike on an intensive journey through Atlantean civilization.

The Atlantis Encyclopedia-written in an alphabetic, encyclopedic format-also offers comprehensive information about the Pacific counterpart to Atlantis: the lost kingdom of Mu, also known as Lemuria. A few of the topics covered in this book:

* Viracocha, the early Inca culture-hero who "rose" from the depths of Lake Titicaca
* Balor, the king of the giant Sea People in Irish folklore
* Island of Jewels, the paradisiacal realm in Hindu myth. At the center of this island hidden by misty akasha, was a magnificent palace where all wishes were granted.
* Enki, the sea-god of Sumerian myth who was a pre-flood culture-bearer from Atlantis
* Numinor, J.R.R. Tolkien's version of Atlantis in Lord of the Rings. Tolkien claimed to have been plagued since childhood by nightmares he believed were past-life memories of the Atlantean catastrophe-nightmares also shared by his son. (Numinor was also known as Ele'na and Westernesse).
* Ragnarok, the Norse "Twilight of the Gods"
* Pleiades, also known as Atlantides, means "Daughter of Atlas". Greek scholar Diodoras Siculus wrote that the Pleiades were not originally mythic figures, but real women who married Atlantean culture bearers. Long after their deaths, they were regarded as divine, and commemorated as a star cluster.
* Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, who wrote about Atlantis in a 1928 serialization by The Saturday Evening Post called The Maracot Deep.

At 312-pages, this reference book also features 16 full-color photographs and images, as well as black-and-white photos interspersed throughout the text. Questions addressed in this book include:

* What was Atlantis?
* Where was it located?
* How long ago did it flourish?
* How was it destroyed?
* What became of its survivors?
* Have any remains of Atlantis ever been found?
* Will Atlantis ever be found?
* Did Atlantis have any impact on America?

The Atlantis Encyclopedia is a unique and valuable resource that doesn't aim to prove that the sunken capital actually existed. Yet, with all the evidence mustered on its behalf, even skeptics may conclude that there is SOMETHING factual behind this enduring, global legend.

19. Encyclopedia of Archaeology: History and Discoveries (3 Volumes) - by Tim Murray 2001 ($669.94)

This massive treasure-house of information is the ultimate A-to-Z reference work on all aspects of archaeology, from prehistory to the present day. Entries, written by the most authoritative scholars from around the world, spotlight archaeological pioneers and practitioners, heroes and villains ... discoveries and debates ... concepts and techniques...periods and regions ... organizations and museums.
"The Great Archaeologists introduced you to the scholars, scientists and innovators who have made archaeology such a dynamic and distinctive field. History and discoveries invites you along on excavations in all inhabited parts of the world as it spotlights heroes and villains . . . discoveries and debates . . . concepts and techniques . . . periods and regions . . . organizations and museums. No other work so vividly illuminates the worldwide impact of archaeology.
Under the leadership of Professor Tim Murray, the world's most eminent archaeologists have contributed hundreds of entries on their specialties, ranging from long, meaty essays to brief identifications. The A to Z articles spotlight archaeological pioneers and practitioners.
These three richly illustrated volumes are global in scope and trace the development of the field from ancient Greeks to the present day. Readers can travel from the east (Japan; Cambodia) to west (Aztecs; Brazil) and north (Denmark; Russia) to south (South Africa). . . by land (Garbage archaeology), sea (nautical archaeology), and air (remote sensing). . . from the earliest prehistoric times (Paleolithic) to this afternoon (Getty museum).
This set is an essential reference tool for the history of anthropology and archaeology and a massive treasure house of information on all aspects of archaeology, from prehistory to the present day."

20. Encyclopedia of Prophecy - by Geoffrey Ashe 2001 ($71.92)

From the Greek oracles and biblical prophets down to the tabloid headlines of today, the desire to see into the future is one of the most universal of human traits. Yet it has been nearly impossible to find reliable information on the topic gathered in one place. Until now.
The Encyclopedia of Prophecy is your entertaining yet dispassionate guide to this phenomenon, a guide that presents its findings neither too credulously nor too critically. More than 100 entries--enhanced by illustrations, bibliography, and a general index--range over the entire subject with a critical intelligence. The volume covers the role of prophecy in world history, religion, folklore, and literature. Whether discussing ancient oracles or modern astrological journalism, doomsday sects or 'psychic' predictions about film stars, Geoffrey Ashe presents serious and much-discussed topics from a fresh viewpoint. For example, he refutes the far-fetched claims that are made about the famous Nostradamus yet highlights prophecies that do foreshadow events after his lifetime.
Coverage is given to a dizzying array of subjects: astrology, which became so subversive in Hitler's Germany that he tried to suppress it; the theories of J. W. Dunne, who experimented with seeing the future in dreams; the use of prophecy to promote political agendas; the classics of science fiction, that prophetic genre par excellence (some SF authors have produced ideas that may help to explain real precognition, if it in fact occurs); the widespread folk belief in the return of many heroes, most notably King Arthur.

21. The Dead Sea Scrolls Study Edition [2 Volume Set] - by Florentino García Martínez & Eibert J.C. Tigchelaar 1999 ($144.90)

The Dead Sea Scrolls Study Edition is a practical reference tool to facilitate access to the Qumran collection of the Dead Sea Scrolls. This two-volume study text contains newly edited Hebrew and Aramaic transcriptions and English translations of the non-biblical scrolls on facing pages, arranged by serial number from Cave 1 to Cave 11. In addition, it offers a summary of the contents of the biblical scrolls from Qumran. Each Q-number is provided with a heading which contains the essential information on the text and selected bibliographical references. Although unidentified and unclassified fragments have been omitted, and no snippets of manuscripts have been reproduced, this edition aims to be complete for the non-biblical scrolls.

The work is primarily intended for classroom use and for use by specialists from other disciplines who need a reliable compendium to all the materials found. It will also be useful as a companion for those studying the original manuscripts using the microfiche or CD-ROM editions of the scrolls. A considerable part of the materials was already accessible in translation in The Dead Sea Scrolls Translated (Wilfred G.E. Watson, Translator). This translation has served as the base-text of the translations presented in this edition, but has been thoroughly checked and corrected by the authors.

22. The Complete Pyramid Sourcebook - by John DeSalvo PH. D. 2003 ($19.75)

Being one of the newest board members of the Great Pyramid of Giza Research Association Advisory board, I was excited when informed that John DeSalvo, PhD, was writing a book on the subject. With the many comments from other researchers and historical value of the book, I was more than pleased with the contents of the book.
It compiles much of what has been previously written in one easy to read source and once you start to read it, it will be hard to put down.
Summary: Excellent Compendium
Rating: 5
Dr. John DeSalvo has provided a valuable service to all interested in the latest alternative research concerning the Great Pyramid. Instead of having to read dozens of different books and articles, Dr. DeSalvo provides excerpts of many works to provide the reader an overview of the latest information in this field.
Dr. DeSalvo also provides some insight to the never before published work of Russian and Ukrainian researchers into pyramid effects. As Director of The Great Pyramid of Research Asociation, John DeSalvo has given the opportunity to many independant researchers to get some of their work in print and seen by many people--this is a wonderful service.
This book should be on everyone's bookshelf who is interested in the work of many great researchers into the Great Pyramid--right alongside Peter Tompkins.

23. Encyclopedia of Ancient Asian Civilizations - by C.F.W. Higham 2004 ($85.00)

Beginning with an informative introduction that gives an overview of the major stands of Asian civilization from 5,000 B.C.E. to 1,100 C.E., this alphabetically arranged encyclopedia presents clear information on a wide variety of archaeological sites, significant persons, dynasties, and religious and other cultural practices. More than 900 articles cover Central and East Asia, the Southeastern Asian islands, the Indian subcontinent, and Japan and Korea. The entries are written clearly, though without much verve, and include cross-references in small capitals within the body. Entries for people begin with an italicized summary of the person's status and importance. Some articles include see also references at the end, with longer treatments generally terminating with lists of sources (usually two to six) for further reading. Weighting on the entries is appropriate, with shorter treatments for less significant people, places, or concepts (e.g., Chongdi, a Han emperor who ruled briefly) and more in-depth coverage for topics like Buddhism or Harappa (a great city of the Indus Valley Civilization).

More than 50 well-placed black-and-white photographs enhance the presentation. Five maps at the beginning of the volume show the locations of archaeological sites throughout Asia and the Indian subcontinent. All are in black and white, with the elevations indicated only in grey scale, making them a little harder to read than color maps would be. However, they still serve quite ably in terms of locating sites from the text entries. A three-page chronology and extensive bibliography follow the body of the work, as does an accurate index, with main headings indicated by boldface numbers and illustrations by italics.

A sound companion to Asian History on File (Facts On File, 1995), this is a good beginning point for research, especially in regard to archaeological excavations. Suitable for most public and academic library collections and for those high schools with a focus on world or ancient history.

24. The Cambridge History of the Bible, Vol. 1: From the Beginnings to Jerome - by P.R. Ackroyd & C.F. Evans 2008 ($85.50)

Volume 1 of The Cambridge History of the Bible concerns the earliest period down to Jerome and takes as its central theme the process by which the books of both Testaments came into being and emerged as a canon of scripture, and the use of canonical writings in the early church.
Believer or non-believer, if one aspires to a knowledge of any of the humanities, or even, the development of the sciences, in the West, but also to a significant degree in the East, what could be more de riguer than to know a bit about the massive history of the Bible? Without question, from the standpoint of our contemporary world, the Bible is, by far, the most influential cultural statement. Knowledge, not only of its contents, but of their transmission, is indispensible to knowledge of our selves. We could say that Biblical literacy is pre-requisite to cultural literacy - and cultural literacy is pre-requisite to self-knowledge in any verifiable sense.
This landmark study, handsomely produced by Cambridge University Press, which may, on initial inspection, appear to be a daunting read, consisting of three encyclopediac and rather imposing tomes, turns out to be surprisingly accessible. In fact, once one starts reading (a journey here really does begin with the first step), it's tough to put down! These books are filled with the most curious revelations and all sorts of arcane facts. Moreover, knowing this history may change the way one looks at the world. For instance, I was always under the impression that Luther was the first to translate the Gospels into the vernacular German, and that this innovation was one of the primary causes of the success of the Reformation. Right? Wrong. The Vulgate was translated as early as the 7th century by the Goths. A Goth named Ulfilas taught Christianity in as early as the 4th century and a Goth Bible was produced on purple parchment (I suppose these were the original purple pages) penned in gold and silver ink. I'm sure their contemporary descendents would much approve. Renaissance scholars believe this Bible, the Codex Argenteus, was extant at least as early as 795 A.D. Further, there were a number of Bibles floating around Germany and the Lowlands when Luther produced his. Nor did Luther do it alone. He had help from two other guys who knew more Latin than he did. But, his introduction, the widespread literature he had created leading up to its publication, and, ironically, the fact that he had Fredrick's printing presses cranking out copy by the minute, were the great compensating factor in making his translation the earth shaking bestseller that it became.

25. The Cambridge History of the Bible, Vol. 2: The West from the Fathers to the Reformation - by G.W.H. Lampe 2008 ($85.00)

This volume of The Cambridge History commences the study of the Bible in the West. It begins with Jerome and the Fathers and goes on to the time of Erasmus.

26. The Cambridge History of the Bible, Vol. 3: The West from the Reformation to the Present Day - by by S.L. Greenslade 1975 ($95.00)

Volume 3 covers the effects of the Bible on the history of the West between the Reformation and the publication of the New English Bible.

27. Dictionary of Battles and Sieges: A Guide to 8,500 Battles from Antiquity through the Twenty-first Century [Three Volumes] - by Tony Jaques 2006 ($254.95)

Over 8,500 battles and sieges are covered-easily the most exhaustive reference source on this basic aspect of military history. Thoroughly vetted by an expert board of period and regional experts, this dictionary offers easy to find A-Z entries that cover conflicts from practically every era and place of human history. In addition to exhaustive coverage of World War II, World War I, the American Civil War, medieval wars, and conflicts during the classical era, this dictionary covers battles fought in pre-modern Africa, the Middle East, Ancient and Medieval India, China, and Japan, and early meso-American warfare as well. Going well beyond the typical greatest or most influential battle format, The Dictionary of Battles and Sieges offers readers information they would be hard-pressed to find anywhere else. Entries were reviewed by area and period experts to ensure accuracy and to provide the broadest coverage possible. Jaques's Dictionary is truly global in scope, covering East Asia, South Asia, Eurasia, Europe, Africa, Mesoamerica, and North and South America. Battles from wars great and small are in the dictionary, including battles from this very brief sampling of wars covered, listed to give an idea of the book's deep coverage: Egyptian-Syrian Wars (1468 BC); the Assyrian Wars (724 - 648 BC); Greco-Persian Wars (498 - 450 BC); the Conquests of Alexander the Great (335-326 BC); Rome's Gallic Wars (121-52 BC); Han Imperial Wars (208); Hun-Ostrogoth Wars (454-68); Sino-Vietnamese Wars (547-605); Mecca-Medina War (624-30); Jinshin War (672); Berber Rebellion (740-61); Viking Raids on, and in, Britain (793-954); Sino-Annamese War (938); Byzantine Military Rebellions (978-89); Afghan Wars of Succession (998-1041); Russian Dynastic Wars (1016-94); Reconquista (1063-1492); Crusader-Muslim Wars (1100- 1179); Swedish Wars of Succession (1160-1210); Conquests of Genghis Khan (1202-27); William Wallace Revolt (1297-1304); Hundred Years War (1337-1453); War of Chioggia (1378-80); Vijayanagar-Bahmani Wars (1367-1406); Ottoman Civil Wars (1413-81); Mongol-Uzbek Wars (1497-1512); German Knights' War (1523); Burmese-Laotian Wars (1574); Cambodian-Spanish War (1599); King Philip's War (1675-77); Franco-Barbary Wars (1728); Bengal War (1763-65); French Revolutionary Wars (1792-1801); Chilean War of Independence (1813-26); Boer-Zulu War (1838); Indian Mutiny (1858-59); Mexican-French War (1862-67); Sino-Japanese War (1894-95); World War I (1914-18); Anhwei-Chihli War (1920); World War II (1939-45) Mau Mau Revolt (1955); 2nd Indo-Pakistani War (1965); Angolan War (1987-88); 2nd Gulf War (2003- ).

28. Encyclopedia of the Scientific Revolution: From Copernicus to Newton - by W. Applebaum 2000 ($270.00)

A close examination of the dawn of the modern age
With unprecedented current coverage of the profound changes in the nature and practice of science in sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Europe, this comprehensive reference work addresses the broad sweep of individuals, ideas, and institutions that defined culture in this most influential age-when the modern perception of nature and of the universe and our place in it is said to have emerged.
In-depth analyses of the importance of historical context to major development
Disciplines, concepts, and methodologies are approached trough the lens of the social, institutional, and intellectual milieu of the time. The volume has been specifically designed to acquaint the reader with recent insights into the development of scientific ideas in their social and intellectual contexts.
Discussion of the Scientific Revolution's impact on its contemporaneous disciplines
The influence of the Scientific Revolution may also be sought in the very milieu that originally gave rise to it. Included in this volume are entries on sixteenth-and seventeenth-century subject areas important in the shaping of scientific magic, technology, and medicine, for example- that echoed with their own changes those occurring in the sciences.
Coverage of the historiography of the period
With the wealth of studies and interpretations that have accumulated around the Scientific Revolution, there is of course no one method that has been settled on of relating its significance. A unique aspect of this volume is its inclusion of historiographic essays that address these varying interpretations.

29. Cities of the Middle East and North Africa: A Historical Encyclopedia - by Bruce Stanley & Michael Dumper 2006 ($95.00)

This is a comprehensive reference work on major ancient and modern cities in the Middle East and North Africa from their beginnings to the present day. The editors provide 5000 years of historical coverage as they trace the full trajectory of each city, discuss ties to other cities and present a comparative analysis of the region. The A-Z entries feature information about each city's location, geography, demographics, climate and environmental issues, ancient and classical history, Islamic history, post-1800 CE history, architecture, religious significance, cultural issues, society, municipal features, economic issues and contemporary trends. Introductory essays explore general history and historiography, urban planning and modernization, poverty, interaction between cities, social welfare, culture, identity issues and the place of these cities within the world economy.
The editors state in the preface that cities need to be brought back into the discussion of the region they term the Middle East and North Africa, or MENA, because cities are the networks and links between the many current and historical cultures of the region. This encyclopedia offers entries on 100 cities, most of them from Morocco east to Iran and Turkey south to the Horn of Africa. Some cities from outside the defined region, such as Nicosia, Samarkand, and Zanzibar, are included because they are "edge" cities, where culture from the MENA region has interacted with other cultures in the world.

Historic cities were chosen for inclusion to give definition to the cultures that built the MENA region as well as to look into urbanization from prior times. The articles on Byblos, Ugarit, and other historic cities are all excellent summaries of what is known about early urbanization and make the book fascinating reading. Some spellings are different than generally seen, Mahdinah (Medina) and Makkah(Mecca) being the most obvious examples. Each article starts out with a brief general description of the city and concludes with a list of further reading for anyone who would like more in-depth information. A glossary of frequently used terms helps with Turkic and Arabic words. Other features include a time line of dynastic and imperial ages, black-and-white illustrations, and a selection of maps.

Inclusion in the text is not necessarily a measure of the critical importance of a city, according to the introduction. American readers may be unacquainted with the history or even the location of Hims (Syria) or Sfax (Tunisia), but other cities, such as Baghdad, Cairo, and Dubai, will be familiar. This volume will be a good addition to any academic or large public library so patrons can learn more about the history and current issues affecting the MENA region

30. Encyclopedia of the History of Technology - by I. Mcneil 1996 ($120.00)

This one-of-a-kind encyclopedia presents the entire field of technology--from rudimentary agricultural tools to communication satellites--in this first-of-its-kind reference source.
Following an introduction that discusses basic tools, devices, and mechanisms, the chapters are grouped into five parts that provide detailed information on materials, power and engineering, transportation, communication and calculation, and technology and society, revealing how different technologies have together evolved to produce enormous changes in the course of history.
Each chapter summarizes the development of a particular technology emphasizing its relation to the social context of the time as well as its place in current scientific thought.