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Schisms in Christianity - Religious Wars and Civil Wars

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Schisms in Christianity - Religious Wars and Civil Wars:

Although the core message of Jesus was love and peace, Christianity after the time of Jesus evolved to become the most cruel and bloody state/church system endured by humanity.

In every religion we find fanatic groups or crazy rulers who committed terrorist acts or crimes against their own people or the followers of other religions. But generally, these acts were sporadic and were not supported by mainstream religions.

Christendom, however, was a different story. The official Christian political/religious organization was behind all the atrocities committed in the name of Jesus Christ that started in the 4th century and continued for more than 1400 year.

The early atrocities were in the form of systematic religious persecutions of the Christian sects that differed with the official version of Christianity adopted and enforced by the Roman Emperors. Then came the Crusades that continued for about 200 years, with the First Crusade in 1095-1099, and the last one-the Ninth Crusade in 1271-1272.

They include the Inquisitions that continued for about 700 years; the Medieval Inquisition (1184–1230s), the Spanish Inquisition (1478–1834), the Portuguese Inquisition (1536–1821) and the Roman Inquisition (1542 – 1860s).

They include the colonization missions in the 15th- 17th centuries that caused the annihilation or enslavement of native people in many parts of the worlds. And within the same period we had the religious wars and civil wars in Europe between the different Christian sects.

We had many uploads that covered the above subjects. This UL focuses on the subject of religious wars and civil wars in Europe. It includes 20 titles:

1- Wikipedia - Religious Wars in Europe

2- Nolan - The Age of Wars of Religion, 1000-1650 (2006)

3- Housley - Religious Warfare in Europe 1400-1536 (2002)

4- Osprey - French Religious Wars, 1562-1598

5- Holt - The French Wars of Religion, 1562-1629 (2005)

6- Bonney - The Thirty Years War 1618-1648 (2002)

7- Cramer - The Thirty Years War (2007)

8- Schiller - History of the Thirty Years War (1883)

9- Chambers - Popes, Cardinals and War (2006)

10- MacHardy - War, Religion and Court Patronage in Habsburg Austria (2003)

11- Bax - The Peasants War in Germany, 1525-1526 (1899)

12- Raguer - Gunpowder and Incense: Catholic Church and Spanish Civil War (2007)

13- Connolly - Divided Kingdom: Ireland 1630-1800 (2008)

14- Godkin - The Religious History of Ireland (1873)

15- Noll - Civil War as a Theological Crisis (2006)

16- Wright - A History of Religious Persecutions and of the Inquisition of Spain, Portugal and Goa (1816)

17- Arber - The Torments of Protestant Slaves (1908)

18- Sellar - The Tragedy of Quebec: The Expulsion of Its Protestant Farmers (1908)

19- Belsham - The Sufferings of Unitarians in Former Times (1813)

20- Sproxton - Violence and Religion (1995)