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05-23-2010, 07:39 PM, (This post was last modified: 05-23-2010, 07:40 PM by ---.)
Quote:AGRIC. ECON. – CZECH, 49, 2003 (3): 101–105 101

Abstract: The paper presents fundamental ideas of European social market economy that are to be applied to formulate the
“European Model of Agriculture”. In connection with the needs of further development of the Common Agricultural Policy, food
strategy and regional policy, some challenges to the modern and perspective strategy of agriculture and food production in the EU
are formulated. A new European challenge to strengthen the principle of solidarity, sustainability, multi-functionality and subsidiarity
is an appreciable point of departure to solve the problems in Czech agriculture.
Key words: agriculture, Europe, European model of agriculture, eco-social market economy

– a new market equilibrium instead of expensive surpluses
by attractive production alternatives;
– care of the cultivated landscape was recognised as an
economic performance and rewarded by direct payments
to mountain farmers and farmers in less-favoured areas;
– organic farming was officially recognised, quality and
environmental compatibility were given priority in agricultural
– renewable raw materials and renewable energy as new
perspectives for land use;
– strengthening the rural areas with integrated promotion
of agricultural and non-agricultural gainful activities;
– social and family policy as integral parts of eco-social
agricultural policy.

1. Paying a just price for nature
Environmental pollution and resource use must be reflected
in the calculations of production processes and
the prices of products. Laws and regulations must ensure
that this applies to all enterprises in order to guarantee
fair competition. Environmental pollution and
consumption of natural resources can be clearly as-

AGRIC. ECON. – CZECH, 49, 2003 (3): 101–105 103
sessed by means of current technologies, and the fair
costs must be charged.
2. Ecosocial reform of the tax system
This includes providing price advantages for renewable
sources of energy by levying taxes on fossil energy
sources, on the one hand. On the other hand, the
present high tax burden on the factor MAN should be
reduced by increasing taxes on resources.
3. Clear product declaration
In a globalised market, the consumer needs precise and
easily understandable information on origin, production
methods, ingredients, treatment methods, etc. This
applies in particular to the sensitive area of foodstuffs.
As long as there are no global quality standards and a
global application of the principle of caution, the requirement
of a strict declaration is one of the most important
prerequisites for fair competition.
4. If subsidies, then only those that promote sustainability!
Giant subsidies and cross subsidies are counterproductive
at present from the point of view of sustainability
– for example, in the energy and transport sectors!
Therefore: if subsidies are granted out of the taxpayers’
money, then innovations should be made in the interest
of sustainability!
5. Prohibitions where market-based instruments cannot
be used or can be used only with difficulty.
6. Education and information about issues of environmental
protection and sustainability are the most important
instrument to raise awareness of a personally correct
behaviour among as many people as possible.
7. Eco-social product instead of gross national product
We need new standards for a really comprehensive and
correct assessment of the economic, social and ecological
development of a national economy and society.
Such standards should be developed by the OECD.
8. Environmental protection as an international duty
The threat to our countryside, climate changes and many
other environmental and social problems are not restricted
by national or continental limits. Strategies for sustainability,
for preventive environmental protection and
for global justice must therefore be developed and determined
on an international level.

– in its historic development;
– by its close inter-linkage with other economic and social
sectors in rural areas;
– by the tension between urban and rural areas;
– by the inter-linkage of labour, business, cultural activities,
customs and religion to a complex lifestyle;
– by special requirements and demands in respect of food
safety, quality, nature protection, animal protection and
environmental protection.

– integrated approach, better adapted to the sectors environment,
consumer protection, opportunities for meaningful
work, energy and regional policies;
– a model, open to solidarity, but internationally laid down
in the WTO.

a) A future-oriented strategy is to focus on European consumers
and the chances in the European food markets.
Additional considerations will have to focus on safety
and quality, consideration for specific European “sensitivities”,
such as the use of hormones, genetic engineering,
etc. as well as on ensuring the required prices
and remunerations on all levels.
In this connection the following should be noted:
Safety and top quality cannot be obtained at cut-rate
The “European model” must be secured in a fair way.
b) The chances on international markets of high-quality
products produced by the EU farmers and the food
industry have to be improved. The success of the individual
member states with top qualities, branded articles
and regional trademarks shows the way.
c) A new Common Agricultural Policy must be fit for enlargement!
This requires appropriate adjustments of
market organisation, of quantity regulations and direct
payments as well as the strategic participation in the
production of energy and renewable raw materials for
the best possible commercial use of the large land potentials.
Both the current tasks and the enlargement
must be supported by fair funding.
d) A new Common Agricultural Policy must be protected
by the WTO! The multi-functionality of European agriculture
as well as the specific safety, quality, environmental,
animal and social issues have to be laid down
in the WTO. Distortions of competition in international
agricultural trade have to be reduced. Precise declarations
must ensure that the EU quality and safety
standards are strictly applicable also to imports from
non-member countries.
The further development of fair trade rules for a globalised
market and the inclusion of social and ecological
rules into the WTO offer the chance of further developing
the WTO to become an instrument for the creation
and observation of fair competition in a globalised
e) The principle of solidarity and subsidiarity must generally
apply to the Common Agricultural Policy.
The EU should set the framework and fix the rules binding
upon all member states: quality standards, production
regulations, labelling, rules of competition, ensuring
the basic principles of the CAP: single market, community
preference and financial solidarity.
The EU must be Europe’s single strong common voice
in dealing with the WTO, OECD, FAO, multinational
treaties, etc.
The concrete implementation of the Common Agriculture
Policy should follow the principle of subsidiarity
where this is more appropriate.
The aim must be to replace the present absurdities of
an exaggerated centralism up to the minutest detail on
the one hand and lacking common rules and regulations
of fair competition on the other hand by a uniform
subsidiarity model.
f) Agriculture and rural development have to be regarded
as an integrated whole.
The economic development in agricultural and forestry
enterprises, in the processing industries, in tourism,
in the services sector as well as in trade and industry in
the rural regions and their urban centres is closely
linked. Positive developments in one area have the
same positive effects on the income and employment
opportunities in other areas and vice versa.

– According to its cultural, social and political experience
and traditions as well as the diversity of its peoples,
cultures and religions a united Europe forms a kind of
“open workshop” in which the future management for
the 21st century may be practised as an example. Not an
imitation of a one-sided and short-sighted “capitalism”,
but the integration of economy, social issues and environment,
respecting the cultural diversity, is the solution
for a peaceful and fruitful future in Europe.
– With such a constructive example, Europe can significantly
contribute to the development of global models
for the future. The principles of solidarity, sustainability
and subsidiarity applied in Europe offer valuable
approaches to global strategies.
– If Europe speaks in one single and credible voice in the
global decision-making processes, it has good chances
of finding allies and contributing European experience
to a peaceful and viable development of mankind.
05-23-2010, 10:04 PM,
Well that whole idea is out the window now, isn't it?
Quote:The EU should set the framework and fix the rules binding
upon all member states: quality standards, production
regulations, labelling, rules of competition, ensuring
the basic principles of the CAP: single market, community
preference and financial solidarity.
The EU must be Europe’s single strong common voice
in dealing with the WTO, OECD, FAO, multinational
treaties, etc.
Seeing that The EU is about to die off completely, now that the Wolfpack has sunk its teeth into the weaker sheep in the flock, being a single strong common voice just isn't going to happen.
[Image: conspiracy_theory.jpg]
05-23-2010, 10:13 PM,
Nevertheless, be that true or not, Riegler's vision is now the mandate of the UN.

"A single strong common voice" also extends to working towards greater cooperation between the IMF, WB and UN to achieve the goals of a global eco-social market economy.
05-23-2010, 11:43 PM,
which in itself on paper doesn't exactly read as being horrific until considerations of what it constitutes in real terms is taken into account. jmo
05-24-2010, 12:57 AM, (This post was last modified: 05-24-2010, 12:58 AM by h3rm35.)
I'd have to read the whole paper, and how it has transitioned into the UN in order to speak in an educated manner on the topic. Right now, even though it's institution is pretty much impossible in the EU, I can see both upsides and downsides to the issue - I'd love to see world-wide codification of organic and GMO/non-GMO labeling and standards, and protection of those standards embraced by the WTO. I'd also like to see restrictions on the (almost) monopoly the US has on food production, and if this eradicated subsidies for agribusiness in the US through the WTO, then the WTO would have done something right for once.

This does look like a bunch of globalist propaganda, and it could be similar to what's taking up most of my research time right now, S510, in that it tries to pad profit through opening avenues in legislation for gigantic corporations in a guise of sustainability and food safety, but for the moment, it really doesn't sound all that horrible to me. Maybe I'm just being an unwitting American Exceptionalist when it comes to consolidation of power and underhanded shadow-laden legislation that usurps power from the masses to keep themselves healthy and less beholden to corporate servitude...

I know Eurozone countries have their demonic bastards as well, but for some reason, I see more hope arising from there, where some countries actually fight against their raping by the banking cartels and actively resist corporate takeover of their food supply. Over here, the majority of people really don't give a shit about anything, as long as their lives continue to be convenient. We are truly an exceptionally decadent country.
[Image: conspiracy_theory.jpg]

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