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Sexuality as Perversion and/or Love :: Influences and Symptoms of Promiscuity
02-29-2012, 10:52 PM,
RE: Sexuality as Perversion and/or Love :: Influences and Symptoms of Promiscuity
(02-29-2012, 08:41 PM)FastTadpole Wrote:
CelticRebel Wrote:... there are enough perverted degenerates working at Disney who can operate openly considering that there are still very few of us who can guess at their jokes and double-entendre's.

Hence, why they are free to create promotional videos of toddlers playing with "magical" purple rods that spew out cool white stuff from the tip [see it for yourself below]. But, I'd not recommend sharing such insight with your well-programmed friends, their NLP-subroutine will trigger them accusing you of perversion.

dearest tadpole... with all due respect, i find the provided example to be completely illegitimate!

That commercial is in no way sexual.
Her stupid wand looks NOTHING like a.... penis !

The celtic rebel on the other hand, might be the foulest pervert I've ever come across.
Who wouldn't agree that the rebel is a perv ? Should perverts be telling us what's perverted ?

Oh wait... he's already saying that if anyone disagrees with him, or this... that THEY are just programed, and will probably accuse him of exactly what I just have... imagine that ! Crazy

HEY GUESS WHAT.... ALL KINDS OF COLORED WANDS were used for making that commercial ! Blue ones, green ones, yellow ones, red, and pink ones! I suppose they ALL are meant to resemble or make our brains think of dicks right ? ? Slap

I'm sorry folks... but the making of this commercial has nothing to do with holding penises, or turning children into little sex monsters. I just don't buy it... but feel free to disagree with me if you do.

02-29-2012, 11:01 PM,
RE: Sexuality as Perversion and/or Love :: Influences and Symptoms of Promiscuity
.. hey I just thought it was funny that he thought that.

Glad we had a laff

I don't always post stuff because I agree with it. Just to add to the discussion. I think in the age of information overload; if you look for anything you can and will find it and affirm your theory - however ridiculous, far fetched and/or perverted it may be.
There are no others, there is only us.
03-03-2012, 12:05 AM, (This post was last modified: 03-06-2012, 12:49 AM by Frank2.)
RE: Sexuality as Perversion and/or Love :: Influences and Symptoms of Promiscuity
(02-29-2012, 11:01 PM)FastTadpole Wrote: .. hey I just thought it was funny that he thought that.

Glad we had a laff

I don't always post stuff because I agree with it. Just to add to the discussion. I think in the age of information overload; if you look for anything you can and will find it and affirm your theory - however ridiculous, far fetched and/or perverted it may be.

I also am having a laff at this thread Signs067

(03-05-2012, 08:47 PM)FastTadpole Wrote: Welcome back from the wankfest to reinsert yourself into circle jerk of a more tantric nature stanzela! Looking forward to future exchanges.

nuff said :facepalm:

“The truth, of course, is that a billion falsehoods told a billion times by a billion people are still false.” Travis Walton
03-10-2012, 01:25 AM,
RE: Sexuality as Perversion and/or Love :: Influences and Symptoms of Promiscuity
[Image: 7677320.87.jpg]
There are no others, there is only us.
07-21-2012, 09:26 AM, (This post was last modified: 07-21-2012, 09:36 AM by R.R.)
RE: Sexuality as Perversion and/or Love :: Influences and Symptoms of Promiscuity
Quote:Teenagers 'can be corrupted' by Hollywood sex scenes

By Andrew Hough

6:00PM BST 18 Jul 2012

Psychologists concluded that teenagers exposed to more sex on screen in popular films are likely to have sexual relations with more people and without using condoms.

The study, based on nearly 700 popular films, found that watching love scenes could "fundamentally influence" a teenager's personality.

The researchers, from Dartmouth College in New Hampshire, concluded youngsters were more prone to take risks in their future relationships.

They also concluded that for every hour of exposure to sexual content on-screen, participants were more than five times more likely to lose their virginity within six years.

"Adolescents who are exposed to more sexual content in movies start having sex at younger ages, have more sexual partners, and are less likely to use condoms with casual sexual partners," said Dr Ross O'Hara, who led the study.

"This study, and its confluence with other work, strongly suggests that parents need to restrict their children from seeing sexual content in movies at young ages."

The team, reporting in Psychological Science, studied 1228 children aged between 12 and 14 and then analysed their sexual behaviour six years later.

Each teenager identified which popular films of differing classifications they had seen from a random list of 50.

Six years later they were asked how old they were when they became sexually active, how many partners they had, how risky their sexual behaviour was and whether they used condoms.

The findings provided a link between exposure to sex on screen and sexual behaviour. Participants also said they tried to mimic love scenes they had seen on screen in the real world.

The researchers also assessed the sexual content of 684 of the biggest grossing films released between 1998 and 2004.

They found some of the most popular films from that time included scenes of a sexual nature, ranging from sexual scenes to heavy kissing.

These include Austin Powers, staring Mike Myers, Notting Hill, with Julia Roberts and Hugh Grant, American Beauty, staring Kevin Spacey and James Bond films such as The World is Not Enough, with Pierce Brosnan as 007.

More than a third of G-rated movies were found to contain "sexual content" compared to more than half of PG films and four in five R-rated movies.

Films with the most sexual content were Summer of Sam, a Spike Lee crime film about a series of 1970s murders in New York (323 seconds), 40 Days of 40 Nights, staring Josh Hartnett who tries to stay celibate during Lent (207 seconds) and American Pie, about a group of high school students trying to lose their virginity (206 seconds).

Even children’s films were found to have sexual content such the G-rated the Princess Diaries (42 seconds).

Most of the recent films did not portray safe sex, with little mention of using contraception.

Dr O'Hara said that the combination of sexually explicit films and adolescence had a profound impact on their behaviour.

He found that the “wild hormonal surges of adolescence” made cautious thinking amongst teenagers more difficult.

He said that while more than half of adolescents use movies and the media as their “greatest source of sexual information” many could not differentiate between what they saw on a screen and what they confronted in real life.

Dr O'Hara added: “These movies appear to fundamentally influence their personality through changes in sensation-seeking, which has far-reaching implications for all of their risk-taking behaviours.”

A previous survey of films from 1950 to 2006 found that 84 per cent of movies contain sexual content.

Quote:Girls, 13, given contraceptive implants at school

10:46AM GMT 07 Feb 2012

The procedure was carried out in Southampton, Hants, as part of a government initiative to drive down teenage pregnancies.

As many as nine secondary schools in the city are thought to have been involved.

But it has caused a backlash from parents who weren't aware that their daughters had been fitted with the 4cm device, which sits under the skin.

It is currently unknown exactly how many youngsters have taken part in the scheme.

Parents say they have been forced to inspect their child's arm for any sign of the implant.

Health chiefs have defended sexual health services going into schools, saying teenage pregnancies had dropped by 22 per cent as a result.

But campaigners from the Family Education Trust say the implant fuels the flames of promiscuity by giving girls licence to have underage sex.

Norman Wells, director of the trust, has urged health chiefs to look at ways of discouraging sexual activity amongst children in the first place.

He said: "Schemes like these inevitably lead to boys putting pressure on girls to have sex.

"They can now tell their girlfriends: 'You can get the school clinic to give you an implant, so you don't have to worry about getting pregnant.'

"They'll tell them they don't have to face the embarrassment of going to see their doctor, and it's all confidential so their mum doesn't need to know a thing.

"Parents send their children to school to receive a good education, not to be undermined by health workers who give their children contraceptives behind their backs.

"Health authorities should be looking for ways of discouraging young people from engaging in sexual activity in the first place.

"The last thing they should be doing is fuelling the flames of promiscuity and the sexual health crisis with schemes that treat parents, the law and basic moral principles with contempt."

One mother, whose 13-year-old daughter was given the implant, has called the scheme "morally wrong".

She claimed the school had gone ahead without consulting their family doctor.

The woman, who wished to remain anonymous, said the pupils had to simply fill out a questionnaire about their medical history.

They then underwent a consultation with health experts before receiving the contraceptive but there was a lack of follow-up appointments.

She said: "I feel really angry about this.

"I agree that teaching teenagers about sexual health and contraception is very important but this is a step too far.

"To perform a minor surgical procedure on school grounds, without parents knowing is morally wrong.

"I'm told a long list of checks were made before she had this implant but how many 13-year-olds are aware of their full medical history?

"I cannot understand how this is allowed to happen.

"Teenagers have the right to protect themselves and she did the right thing by seeking advice but to not be checked after such a procedure is totally wrong.

"Luckily I now know but many other parents are unaware their daughter has one.

"I have spoken to a lot of parents at the school and they were horrified to find out this was happening.

"As parents we want to protect our children and I feel that has been taken away from me."

Alan Whitehead, Labour MP for Southampton Test, has now been asked to look into the matter.

He said: "This contraceptive implant clearly requires a surgical procedure which ought to be undertaken in suitable and appropriate conditions.

"I am not sure whether the services that are being offered at the moment enable this it happen and that is what I am going to be looking into."

Health chiefs have defended the scheme, insisting letters were sent to all parents at participating schools in 2009 when the service was launched.

It was then left to individual schools to inform parents of all future students joining, either by letter or in the prospectus.

They also say reports are showing that teenage pregnancies have dropped by 22 per cent since sexual health services went in to schools.

In Southampton there were as many as 136 pregnancies among 13 to 15 year olds in 2001 and 2003, this fell to 106 in 2007-2009.

A spokeswoman for Solent NHS Trust and NHS Southampton said: "We are committed to ensuring local young people are able to access clinically appropriate sexual health support.

"This helps them to avoid unwanted pregnancies and protect themselves from sexually transmitted infections.

"One element of this is commissioning a sexual health service for young people that is provided in nine secondary schools across the city.

"The service is provided by trained staff and includes offering information, advice and support to students.

"It also includes chlamydia screening, condom distribution, pregnancy testing, providing a range of contraception methods and referral to other services.

"Since the service was introduced there has been a reduction in the number of under 16-year-olds who have become pregnant.

"The service is provided by Solent NHS Trust which undertakes detailed medical assessments for all patients attending any sexual health clinic.

"In addition, all young people under the age of 16 who visit sexual health services receive a full risk assessment.

"This is over and above national guidance and meeting all legal requirements."

Quote:A generation is growing up skewed by internet pornography, court hears, as 12-year-old who raped a schoolgirl is spared jail

By Simon Johnson, Scottish Political Editor

5:46PM BST 31 May 2012

The case was just the 'tip of the iceberg' and there may be many similar cases throughout the country, lawyers warned.

The High Court in Edinburgh heard the boy, now aged 14, was allowed “unfettered” access to adult websites before forcing a nine-year-old to perform a sex act on him.

Sean Templeton, the boy’s defence counsel, said the case could be “the tip of the iceberg” because pornography is giving a generation of youngsters a “skewed view” of sex.

Judge Lady Smith decided not to detain the teenager but warned him that he should not regard pornography as a “guide” on how to behave sexually.

The appalling details of the case emerged amid growing political debate as to whether the Government should force internet providers to adopt an “opt-in” system.

This means parents would have to remove a default block on watching pornography on their home computers, thereby preventing their offspring accessing adult images.

Mr Templeton told the court that his client’s response to police questions about why he conducted the attack was “temptation” and “to feel grown up”.

“This was an emulation of an adult act witnessed by him at this young age. He was afforded unfettered access to the internet and it has become apparent from a very young age, the age of 12, he was accessing hard-core pornography,” he said.

“This is the tip of the iceberg. Many, many cases throughout the country may not be identified, not reported, not coming to anyone's attention.”

He told the court pornography was discussed by first-year pupils at secondary school, before concluding: “There is a real risk that young people of the current generation of teenagers are growing up with a skewed view of what sex is and sexual activity."

The boy, who cannot be identified for legal reasons, had earlier admitted statutory offences of rape and sexual assault committed between December 1, 2010 and January 31 last year on a Scottish island.

Jane Farquharson, the advocate depute, said the offences came to light after the girl had been complaining of having a sore stomach.

Her mother asked her if something had happened to her and she became hysterical before disclosing the boy’s actions. Police found a 12-year-old friend of the boy who had seen a sex act being carried out.

Mr Templeton said the boy told officers which websites he visited and his lawyers conducted an investigation that found they contained images “reminiscent of the acts carried out by him.”

Sentencing him, Lady Smith referred the case to the children's panel, meaning the boy will be kept under supervision instead of custody.

She said he would receive advice on relationships and sexual development, adding: “You should not and must not regard pornography as any guide at all as to how to behave sexually.

“You should not have engaged in sexual activity of any sort with a nine-year-old girl or indeed any other young girl who, under our law, is not able to consent to it.”
01-18-2013, 01:28 AM,
RE: Sexuality as Perversion and/or Love :: Influences and Symptoms of Promiscuity
New smartphone app lets teens practice ‘safe bumping’

Madeleine White

The Globe and Mail

Published Thursday, Dec. 27 2012, 11:19 AM EST

Last updated Thursday, Dec. 27 2012, 11:19 AM EST

From sexting to having readily available porn in your pocket, smartphones have revolutionized the sexual experience of most young people. Now there’s a doctor hoping to make that revolution just a little bit safer by creating an app that’s designed to encourage safe sex.

Dr. Michael Nusbaum calls his concept “safe bumping,” and his app (named MedXCom) is designed to allow potential sexual partners to “bump” their phones together, which will then spread their STD standing.

“If you happen to be out at a bar or a fraternity house or wherever, and you meet someone, you can then bump phones and exchange contact information and STD status,” Nusbaum told ABCNews.

Certainly there is a need for more sexual health sharing prior to actually doing the deed. In the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states that, according to a 2011 poll , 47.4 per cent of teens have had intercourse and nearly half of the 19 million new STDs each year are cases of people aged 15 to 24.

Health Canada paints an equally unsettling picture: In 2005, 43 per cent of teens were sexually active and 25 per cent of them were not using condoms.

So what happens if you have had or currently have a STD? That information is kept secret but your phone will remind you to get another STD check-up. So the app is really more of a badge of clean sexual health rather than a less wordy way of discussing all of the details.

But like any aspect of sex, there are a few catches.

One is that there has to be a willingness of person to a) get screened by a doctor and have that information uploaded to his or her phone, and b) want to share that intimate information with strangers.

“It can take months for HIV to show up on a test,” Renee Williams, executive director of SAFE, a non-profit organization dedicated to abstinence education, told ABCNews. “So you can test negative today, go out on Friday night and have sex, and then get retested later and find out that you had HIV all along.”

Plus, critics point out the app does nothing to prevent unplanned pregnancies (well, duh).

Fundamentally, though, it’s a numbers game. For this to be effective, it has to infect the promiscuous population.

“Should this kind of practice catch on at parties, it’s easy to see how this could bring the teen STD rate down,” Jezebel’s Anna Breslaw writes. “But the idea of people trading clean bills of sexual health like Pokemon cards at a fraternity’s ‘CEOs and Corporate Hos’ party is a little bit farfetched.”
01-18-2013, 03:23 AM,
RE: Sexuality as Perversion and/or Love :: Influences and Symptoms of Promiscuity
Women Lovin' Women Campaign$file/Women%20Lovin.pdf (35 pages)

.pdf   Women Lovin.pdf (Size: 401.64 KB / Downloads: 74)
Impressionable teenage girls are being handed out these glossy booklets at STI clinics, treatment programs, on the street, via counsellors and at schools. The campaign kicked off in 2003 in Toronto and now has made it national. My teenage son came home with one today. Make your won decision on what they are pushing.

Front and Back Inside Cover^

100% funded by the Government of Canada.

addendum *related torrents*

The Kinsey Syndrome (2009)

The Kinsey Syndrome - How One Man Destroyed The Morality Of America (2009) DVD ISO
There are no others, there is only us.
01-19-2013, 01:31 AM, (This post was last modified: 01-19-2013, 02:12 AM by Watchdog.)
RE: Sexuality as Perversion and/or Love :: Influences and Symptoms of Promiscuity

"Doin’ cis dudes - Many queer women have or have had sex with cisgendered men at some time. Some of us may even have primary or regular cis male partners. Having sex with cis men can expose us to particular types of STIs."

God damn them evil sick cisgendered (CIS) men! Hold on... That's me?!

"If fisting is new to you or your partner/date, start slow and check in with each other frequently to make sure that what is happening feels good to both of you"

Hey honey, you always said that you wanted us to try something new. Well, I found something that we both should enjoy.

"Even if you and your partner(s) are poz, practicing safer sex and safer drug-use practice will reduce the chance of reinfecting yourselves with another strain of HIV (known as superinfection). Multiple HIV infections can make treatment more difficult and symptoms more severe."

Yeah right, the last thing you want to get is an HIV infection on top of your HIV pharmaceutical death sentence.

"For some women, sharing sex toys can be hot."

She's on fire!

Sexual assault is any kind of “sexual” act (it can be visual, verbal or physical) that is non-consensual (that was not agreed to). Physical sexual assault can include being forced to kiss someone, touch someone, be touched, or to have intercourse with someone. Many of us have survived sexual assault in our lives, or know someone who has survived it.

What about spin the bottle? I did survive that...

"When using a double-headed dildo, try using different coloured condoms on each end to keep track of who gets which end."

Why not flip a coin that would spice things up. Extra hot.

"Do not douche (i.e. wash out the inside of your vagina with water or any solution)."

That's too bad, I know a few douchbags that will be disappointed.

"If you are a cis woman and are having sex with someone who is a trans woman for the first time, she may have different genitals than you were expecting."

No shit Sherlock!

"Remember that if your partner or date is a queer trans man who also sleeps with cis guys, it may be possible for him to become pregnant."

If you can understand that, then please remember it.
Paix, Amour et Lumiere
01-19-2013, 03:15 AM,
RE: Sexuality as Perversion and/or Love :: Influences and Symptoms of Promiscuity
When did the term cisgender come into play?
..and why on Earth is it necessary to add a new term for what we already have a name for?
Cissman = Man
Cisswoman = Woman

Why complicate things?
“Today’s scientists have substituted mathematics for experiments, and they wander off through equation after
equation, and eventually build a structure which has no relation to reality. ” -Nikola Tesla

"When the power of love overcomes the love of power the world will know peace." -Jimi Hendrix
01-19-2013, 03:29 AM, (This post was last modified: 01-19-2013, 03:42 AM by Watchdog.)
RE: Sexuality as Perversion and/or Love :: Influences and Symptoms of Promiscuity
(01-19-2013, 03:15 AM)Easy Skanking Wrote: When did the term cisgender come into play?
..and why on Earth is it necessary to add a new term for what we already have a name for?
Cissman = Man
Cisswoman = Woman

Why complicate things?

Not sure. I think it's a distinction between sex, sexual organs, sergical operations, and gender (what people percieve to be in a sexual context). Concepts and things crisscross in their meaning and word play seems convienent to confuse and make the shit pill attractive.

Word play is a classic.

(01-19-2013, 03:29 AM)Watchdog Wrote:
(01-19-2013, 03:15 AM)Easy Skanking Wrote: When did the term cisgender come into play?
..and why on Earth is it necessary to add a new term for what we already have a name for?
Cissman = Man
Cisswoman = Woman

Why complicate things?

Not sure. I think it's a distinction between sex, sexual organs, sergical operations, and gender (what people percieve to be in a sexual context). Concepts and things crisscross in their meaning and word play seems convienent to confuse and make the shit pill attractive.

Word play is a classic.

Oh I also remember queer women in Vancouver, BC, fighting for their right to eliminate MEN in woMEN. So... they now call themselves woMYN. I guess the problem was in the letter E all along...

sheeeeshhhhh Icon_arrow

Glad to see that things have been resolved.

Paix, Amour et Lumiere
01-19-2013, 07:13 AM,
RE: Sexuality as Perversion and/or Love :: Influences and Symptoms of Promiscuity
(01-19-2013, 01:31 AM)Watchdog Wrote: "When using a double-headed dildo, try using different coloured condoms on each end to keep track of who gets which end."

Speaking of DOUBLE ENDED Di-L-Do .. (@2:13 in after Bridge Humping - this was highlighted on my 11 year olds Facebook Newsfeed via his friends)
There are no others, there is only us.
01-21-2013, 08:23 PM,
RE: Sexuality as Perversion and/or Love :: Influences and Symptoms of Promiscuity
Quote:Vanilla sex is OUT, porn addiction is IN: Disturbing survey reveals how porn is damaging our relationships

By Deni Kirkova

PUBLISHED: 11:56, 18 January 2013 | UPDATED: 13:35, 18 January 2013

Britain’s leading sex and relationship experts have revealed their fears that porn use damages relationships.

70 per cent of men aged 18-34 admitting to using porn at least once a month and the use of it by both men and women is becoming more and more prevalent. But, at what cost?

Cosmopolitan magazine questioned 68 leading sex and relationship experts about the effects of porn on today’s relationship, and the result was overwhelmingly negative.

Eighty six per cent of the therapists questioned believe porn has had a negative effect on relationships and 90 per cent have seen an increase in relationship problems due to porn in recent years.

As porn is now so easily accessible, Cosmopolitan was also told that ‘vanilla’ sex is becoming less desirable, while porn addiction – once seen a very niche sexual problem – is on the increase.

Almost all of the therapists surveyed (94 per cent) have seen an increase in incidents of porn addiction and 63 per cent believe porn increases men’s expectations of sex with their partner.

Needless to say, porn has become a ticking time bomb in relationships and is crushing men’s and women’s confidence in the bedroom.

More and more men are suffering from performance anxiety because of the ‘impressive’ feats they see in porn, whilst women feel insecure about their bodies and feel pressured to ‘perform’.

Porn is becoming such a problem for some that 85 per cent of experts think porn has had a negative effect on women’s confidence and 67 per cent agree that women are under pressure to behave like porn stars in the bedroom.

'Porn can affect men’s ability to form relationships with real women, rather than those on their laptop,' said Psychosexual therapist Carol Featherstone.

Psychosexual therapist Karen Lobb-Rossini says, 'More and more young people (girls as well as boys) are learning about sex through porn, and it’s having a devastating effect on their perception of themselves and their bodies.'

Whilst some experts have claimed porn can help some relationships, many experts now believe it can have a devastating effect by skewing what is expected in the bedroom,' said Louise Court, Editor of Cosmopolitan.
01-22-2013, 02:07 AM,
RE: Sexuality as Perversion and/or Love :: Influences and Symptoms of Promiscuity
IMO what they call “vanilla sex” is no longer vanilla. Let me explain. Vanilla sex is supposed to be a “normal” sexual relation between a “normal” man and “normal” women. Everything else is fetish sex and supposedly perverse. But what is normal?

Now, I argue that a modern day “normal” man or woman is very difficult to find. Personally most “normal” women that I’ve met have been influenced by both feminism and/or social engineering. What I keep meeting are mostly women behaving like men who are engaged in an unnatural power struggle. In a sense we can view them as Dominant women. So what we find are Dominant women with submissive men engaged in so called “vanilla sex”. This type of un-assumed relationship is doomed, because both persons are not aware of the power situation. In fact, this relationship should be called Dom/sub, and as such is part of the fetish movement. Given the difficulties of such a pseudo-vanilla relationship, I prefer the intricacies of fetishism in that I’m an assumed Dom looking for an assumed sub. And this is why I’m often celibate. I’m not happy being dominated by women; even pseudo Doms that are really subs. They are un-assumed and struggling with their mental programs, and this is not sexy. This is a personal thing and to everyone their own.
Paix, Amour et Lumiere
01-22-2013, 03:01 AM, (This post was last modified: 01-22-2013, 03:02 AM by R.R.)
RE: Sexuality as Perversion and/or Love :: Influences and Symptoms of Promiscuity
You're right. Its like modern society just turns everything around and corrupts it.

I'm not going to go into what 'normal' sex is, but the way I look at 'vanilla sex' is that it is meant to be two people trying to please each other (especially by learning what the other likes and developing their own style as a couple) as opposed to the more selfish power games that occur. Its like relationships and friendships in general - again meant to be based on give and take but more and more people are in it for what they can take. They don't think what can I contribute, they just think what's in it for me?
01-28-2013, 04:31 PM, (This post was last modified: 01-28-2013, 04:33 PM by R.R.)
RE: Sexuality as Perversion and/or Love :: Influences and Symptoms of Promiscuity
Quote:Penicillin, Not the Pill, May Have Launched the Sexual Revolution

Jan. 28, 2013

"It's a common assumption that the sexual revolution began with the permissive attitudes of the 1960s and the development of contraceptives like the birth control pill," notes Emory University economist Andrew Francis, who conducted the analysis. "The evidence, however, strongly indicates that the widespread use of penicillin, leading to a rapid decline in syphilis during the 1950s, is what launched the modern sexual era."

As penicillin drove down the cost of having risky sex, the population started having more of it, Francis says, comparing the phenomena to the economic law of demand: When the cost of a good falls, people buy more of the good.

"People don't generally think of sexual behavior in economic terms," he says, "but it's important to do so because sexual behavior, just like other behaviors, responds to incentives."

Syphilis reached its peak in the United States in 1939, when it killed 20,000 people. "It was the AIDS of the late 1930s and early 1940s," Francis says. "Fear of catching syphilis and dying of it loomed large."

Penicillin was discovered in 1928, but it was not put into clinical use until 1941. As World War II escalated, and sexually transmitted diseases threatened the troops overseas, penicillin was found to be an effective treatment against syphilis.

"The military wanted to rid the troops of STDs and all kinds of infections, so that they could keep fighting," Francis says. "That really sped up the development of penicillin as an antibiotic."

Right after the war, penicillin became a clinical staple for the general population as well. In the United States, syphilis went from a chronic, debilitating and potentially fatal disease to one that could be cured with a single dose of medicine.

From 1947 to 1957, the syphilis death rate fell by 75 percent and the syphilis incidence rate fell by 95 percent. "That's a huge drop in syphilis. It's essentially a collapse," Francis says.

In order to test his theory that risky sex increased as the cost of syphilis dropped, Francis analyzed data from the 1930s through the 1970s from state and federal health agencies. Some of the data was only available on paper documents, but the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) digitized it at the request of Francis.

For his study, Francis chose three measures of sexual behavior: The illegitimate birth ratio; the teen birth share; and the incidence of gonorrhea, a highly contagious sexually transmitted disease that tends to spread quickly.

"As soon as syphilis bottoms out, in the mid- to late-1950s, you start to see dramatic increases in all three measures of risky sexual behavior," Francis says.

While many factors likely continued to fuel the sexual revolution during the 1960s and 1970s, Francis says the 1950s and the role of penicillin have been largely overlooked. "The 1950s are associated with prudish, more traditional sexual behaviors," he notes. "That may have been true for many adults, but not necessarily for young adults. It's important to recognize how reducing the fear of syphilis affected sexual behaviors."

A few physicians sounded moralistic warnings during the 1950s about the potential for penicillin to affect behavior. Spanish physician Eduardo Martinez Alonso referenced Romans 6:23, and the notion that God uses diseases to punish people, when he wrote: "The wages of sin are now negligible. One can almost sin with impunity, since the sting of sinning has been removed."

Such moralistic approaches, equating disease with sin, are counterproductive, Francis says, stressing that interventions need to focus on how individuals may respond to the cost of disease.

He found that the historical data of the syphilis epidemic parallels the contemporary AIDS epidemic. "Some studies have indicated that the development of highly active antiretroviral therapy for treating HIV may have caused some men who have sex with men to be less concerned about contracting and transmitting HIV, and more likely to engage in risky sexual behaviors," Francis says.

"Policy makers need to take into consideration behavioral responses to changes in the cost of disease, and implement strategies that are holistic and longsighted," he concludes. "To focus exclusively on the defeat of one disease can set the stage for the onset of another if preemptive measures are not taken."

Quote:Magazine Articles Jeopardize and Empower Young Women’s Sexuality

Sep. 4, 2012

While the effects of sexualized media on young women has long been debated, a new study finds that women who read sex-related magazine articles from popular women's magazines like Cosmopolitan are less likely to view premarital sex as a risky behavior. Additionally, the women who are exposed to these articles are more supportive of sexual behavior that both empowers women and prioritizes their own sexual pleasure.

This study was published in a recent article from Psychology of Women Quarterly (published by SAGE).

Study authors Janna L. Kim and L. Monique Ward wrote, "When exposed to explicit textual messages about female sexual assertiveness in women's magazines, readers regarded women's capacity to experience and act on feelings of sexual desire more favorably."

To execute the study, 150 women college students were randomly assigned to read articles from two popular magazines: one set of articles about women's roles in sexual relationships and the other set about general entertainment unrelated to sexual relationships.

In addition to finding that the group of women exposed to the sex-related articles endorsed more risky sexual behavior, the researchers found that white women in particular viewed premarital sex as less risky and endorsed taking on a more assertive sexual role than women of color.

Kim and Ward concluded, "Our results suggest that the complex and sometimes conflicting representations of female sexuality proliferating in the mass media and popular culture could potentially have both empowering and problematic effects on women's developing sexual identities."

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