The state of contemporary people can be likened to that of a student who is entering high school or college. His first task is to fill out an application and the necessary documents for enrolling in the school. The student, worries about whether or not he will be accepted until he receives the reply to his application. finally, they answer him and tell him that he is accepted. Then comes the second problem - will he be able to successfully follow the course in school. When he begins to study, the teachers and professors approve of his work and find him capable. After this worry is over, a third one comes - will he have sufficient means to support himself in school. Thus the student is accepted by the school and found capable, but he is troubled by the question as to whether or not his father will have means enough to support him in school. Therefore, in order to finish school, three conditions must be fulfilled: he must be accepted by the school, he must be capable, and he must have sufficient means to finish school. Some people have the first kind of trouble, others have the second, while a third group have no means of supporting themselves while in school.
Why are troubles and sufferings given to people? To ask such a question is like asking why man has two feet, why his head is erect pointing up, while his feet point down, etc. If man asks such questions, the plants can ask why their heads are buried in the earth. The animals can ask why their heads are in a horizontal position. Plants, animals and men represent stages of development which life has been passing through. In these phases of development can be seen the gradual manifestation of the Divine thought. The plants, the animals and men represent the manifested thought of God on earth. The first manifestation of the thought of God can be seen in the plants. After passing thousands of years with their heads in the earth (fig. 1), the plants desired a change in their heads' position: to pull their heads out of the earth and by that to better their conditions of life. However, that could not be immediately effected. God gradually moved their heads, until He placed them in a horizontal position, which we see in the quadrupeds, in the mammals (fig. 2),
Therefore, the animals are the second manifestation of God's thought on the earth. But the animals were not satisfied with their condition; they also desired an amelioration in their conditions of life. The balancing center in the animals is not in the middle part of their body, and as a result they move their tails in order to maintain their balance. In this respect, the tail plays an important role in animals. After the animals had passed through great difficulties and sufferings, the forces in their heads began to take an upward turn; consequently, their bodies gradually became more erect until they could stand on two legs, which we see in man today (fig. 3). Therefore, man represents the third manifestation of the Divine thought. In this position, with head erect and standing on two feet, man also does not have the necessary balance. That is why he often falls. In order not to fall, he must keep his thought strongly concentrated upward toward the center of the sun. The moral fall of man is due also to the fact that there is no balance in his moral life - he lacks moral stability. In this respect, sin is nothing but a loss of balance, resulting in man's falling. Both the physical and the moral fall is due to a loss of balance.
People today are not satisfied with the way the world has been created. When their heads were buried in the earth, they were discontented. When their heads were in a horizontal position, again they expressed discontentment. Today when their heads are erect, they are still discontented. The invisible world offers people the opportunity to present to them their project for creating the world so that they will be satisfied. Such a project has not been made to this day. Why? Because people have not reached the point of understanding things in principle, i.e., from the Divine point of view. Until now people have regarded things either from their own point of view or from that of their neighbors. They must come to the third position, to regard things from the Divine world, from the standpoint of the absolute, unchangeable principles. To study things from a Divine point of view is one thing, while to study them from your own or your neighbor's point of view is quite another.
What does it mean to study things from these three different points of view? To study things from the Divine point of view, from the standpoint of God and then to pass your judgment on them, means to regard things from the position of the father. To study them from your point of view means to regard them from the position of the mother. Finally, to study them from the point of view of your neighbor is to regard them from the position of the children. Children are very self-willed. They do things which are not allowed; they enter other people's gardens, pick fruit, steal things from shops, etc. In order to be free from the; mischief of children, i.e., of one's neighbors, men have created laws, moral rules, which forbid these acts. If these rules are not obeyed, the balance of the general organism is disturbed. There is nothing more terrible than to have one's head cut off. If the head is cut off, the balance of the whole organism is disturbed. How difficult it is to restore the lost balance after that!
People ask why God created the world. Nobody knows why it was created. In the creation of the world is hidden a deep, inner secret. It is interesting to note what causes people to ask why the world was created. Is there some contradiction in the fact that the world was created? But why does man walk on two legs? What is there particular in that? At a time in the distant past, man's head was buried in the earth, then it was in a horizontal position, and now it is erect. Often man falls into the condition of a plant with his head buried in the earth. In that state, he regards things from the position of a plant.
At other times, his head is in a horizontal position. Then he regards things from the position of an animal. Finally, he finds himself with his head erect, in the state of man, and begins to study things from a human standpoint. These are phases, states which a man inevitably passes through.
There is an occult legend about the coming of the plants on earth and their passing into higher states. When the plants were descending from the higher worlds, they fell in love with the earth and wished to remain on it with their heads buried in it. They thought that they would never grow tired of that kind of life. However, after living for thousands of years on earth, they understood that they could not live with it in mutual understanding, and they wanted to pull their heads out and start in the direction the earth is moving in. That is why they started to move their heads forward in a horizontal position and became animals. But that state did not satisfy them either. Why? Because by moving in the direction of the earth, they were unwillingly always in its tracks. The earth did not like that, so it mixed up their heads, causing them great troubles and trials. They began to eat each other up. In this way the earth was free to do anything it wanted without having anyone at its heels. After great hardships and trials, the animals wanted to leave that state, and with great difficulty they raised their heads up toward the center of the sun, toward God. Thus the plants came to the highest state, to that of man. When the earth noticed that there was a possibility of losing the human worker, the earth created a large body for him by which it held him bound to itself. If man did not have such a large, heavy body, he would fly to the sun and go straight to God. But in this form, as little as he may cultivate the earth, he is still a good worker.