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The Concept of Race Born in Europe
07-19-2010, 09:48 PM,
The Concept of Race Born in Europe
Race War In Arizona


Rodolfo F. Acuña

On August 20, 1914 the _Los Angeles Times_ ran
an article titled "Race War in Arizona; Death
List Is Sixteen" at Ray, Arizona. Two days later
_Regeneración_ echoed the _Times_, "Guerra de
razas en Arizona." The _Times_ reported that
four white men and twelve Mexicans were killed
in a bloody riot precipitated by a posse hunting
"horse thieves," a euphemism for Mexicans.
According to the _Times_,

Infuriated at the news of the death posse
members, white residents of Ray invaded the
Mexican section of town, driving the
terror-stricken men, women and children of the
section from their homes.

One American and seven Mexicans were killed when
a number of the Mexican residents resisted the
attack upon their homes. The others fled to the

Reports said that many Americans were searching
the hills near Ray tonight; bent upon killing
every Mexican they meet.

Officers and citizens have been sworn in as
deputies, were sent to patrol the entire section
to prevent a spread of the race rioting, if

_Regeneración_ concluded that "The American
working class is Š[a] mentally retarded class,"
not knowing its interests as workers.

Tensions had escalated with the Mexican
Revolution and the passage of the 80 percent
law. For white Americans every Mexican crossing
the border was a Villista and they clamored for
government to control the border.

Racism was nothing new in Arizona. In 1903, the
Arizona legislature passed the eight-hour day
law; a law that already benefited white miners.
Mexicans worked ten hours a day for $2.50. The
new law reduced the Mexican hours and the mine
owners cut the Mexican workers' wages by 10

This injustice touched off the
Clifton-Morenci-Metcalf strike, the largest
strike to that time in Arizona; it was a
precursor to the 1906 Cananea, Sonora, strike.

Agitation to exclude Mexicans continued
throughout the 1910s. In 1914, voters through
the initiative process passed the Arizona
Anti-Alien Labor Law, which law required 80
percent of a firm's employees to be native-born
Americans. Arizona's newspapers equated the law
to patriotism, editorializing, "The Flag and
Eighty Per Cent."

The following year the law was ruled
unconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court that
held that the law would exclude immigrants from
Arizona. According to the court, immigrants had
the right to work and the law discriminated
against aliens lawful residents.

This was the context for the "Race War in
Arizona" and the Bisbee and Jerome Deportations
of 1917. At Bisbee, 2,200 Minutemen, arrested
over 2,000 strikers, mostly Mexicans, without
due process and loaded 1,286 arrestees on
railroad cars and dumped them in the middle of
the New Mexican desert.

After this point, the Copper Barons, determined
to break the unions, and convinced that their
docile Mexicans could not be controlled, began a
campaign to cleanse the mines of Mexicans. The
repatriation (better still the deportation)
began in January 1919. It was similar to that of

The copper barons required naturalized status to
get a job. In April 1921, they assembled Mexican
families at Morenci Southern station at 5 AM,
boarded 1600 to 1800 Mexican men, women and
children on a special train and shipped them to
El Paso. Simultaneously, tens of thousands were
deported from the agricultural fields, and
literally dumped across the border.

The story does not end there. Since then the
Mexican American has suffered numerous instances
of discrimination. During the 1930s an estimated
million were deported and blamed for the Great

The similarities with what happened in Arizona's
past and the mob mentality today of many
Arizonans is frightening. I just returned from a
five day conference in Tucson and numerous
participants of all colors referred to current
events as a "Race War in Arizona." It is
doubtful whether most of them had ever read
about the eighty percent law or about the
numerous deportations.

Take the rhetoric of Arizona Governor Jan Brewer
who this past week claimed law enforcement
agencies had discovered "bodies in the desert"
either "buried or beheaded" in addressing crime
related to "illegal" immigration. The governor's
claim was disputed even by some of Arizona's
compliant press. Days before Brewer claimed that
"illegal aliens" were muling transporting most
of the drugs into the United States.

T.J. Bonner, president of the union representing
border agents, responded "some illegal
border-crossers carry drugs but most don't.
People with drugs face much stiffer penalties
for entering the U.S. illegally, and very few
immigrants looking for work want to risk the

On the sane side, this past week, the _New York
Times_ reported "Militia With Neo-Nazi Ties
Patrols Arizona Desert." This item was picked up
by Arizona's compliant media because it came
from the New York newspaper. Arizona's media has
itself abandoned the art of investigative

The article identified Jason Ready as a
neo-Nazi, the same Ready previously identified
as a close associate of Arizona State Senator
Russell Pearce, the author of SB 1070 and
Maricopa Sheriff Joe Arpaio. All of them have
close ties with the Federation of American
Immigration Reform. Brewer and State
Superintendent of Public Instruction Tom Horne,
the author of HB 2281 that seeks to ban La Raza
Studies from the Tucson Unified School District.
Brewer and Horne have never dissociated
themselves from this cabal.

When KGUN 9 asked me why we had not tried to
convince Horne about La Raza Studies, which has
all but eliminated the dropout rate of students
taking their classes, I replied that I would if
Horne would visit La Raza Studies program and
test his assumptions. Incredibly, Horne replied
that he did not have to observe the schools or
listen to facts to form his ideas.

Arizona is a state without laws, without
leadership, without an independent media. It has
laws that allow psychopaths to carry guns,
vigilantes to take the law into their own hands,
and there is no such thing as inciting a riot,
which is exactly what elected officials are
doing today in Arizona.

With this mindset, with this lack of
responsibility, there can be no resolution. Like
the Mexican proverb says, "No hay mal que dure
cien años, ni cuerpo que los resista" (There is
no wrong that lasts 100 years, or body that can
withstand it.) This makes a confrontation
inevitable since there is a growing mass of
people born here who are not afraid of the big
bad wolf.
Unite The Many, defeat the few.

Revolution is for the love of your people, culture, knowledge, wisdom, spirit, and peace. Not Greed!
Soul Rebel Native Son
07-29-2010, 06:08 AM,
RE: The Concept of Race Born in Europe
(07-21-2010, 10:37 AM)iC1 Wrote: Wheres the mention of Europe in this Mexica ?

They are in the book. Make sure you get it at your local book store.
Unite The Many, defeat the few.

Revolution is for the love of your people, culture, knowledge, wisdom, spirit, and peace. Not Greed!
Soul Rebel Native Son

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