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The Law of Requisite Variety(Cybernetics) and Project Cybersyn
01-15-2013, 07:51 AM, (This post was last modified: 01-15-2013, 08:05 AM by macfadden.)
RE: The Law of Requisite Variety(Cybernetics) and Project Cybersyn
Quote:Sociocybernetics is an independent chapter of science in sociology based upon the General Systems Theory and cybernetics.

Sociocybernetics has a basis in Organizational Development (OD). The International Sociological Association has a specialist research committee in the area – RC51 – which publishes the (electronic) Journal of Sociocybernetics.

Sociocybernetics analyzes social 'forces'

One of the tasks of sociocybernetics is to map, measure, harness, and find ways of intervening in the parallel network of social forces that influence human behavior. Sociocyberneticists' task is to understand the guidance and control mechanisms that govern the operation of society (and the behavior of individuals more generally) in practice and then to devise better ways of harnessing and intervening in them – that is to say to devise more effective ways to operate these mechanisms, or to modify them according to the opinions of the cyberneticist.

Sociocybernetics aims to generate a general theoretical framework for understanding cooperative behavior.

It claims to give a deep understanding of the General Theory of Evolution. The outlook that Sociocybernetics uses when analyzing any living system lies in a Basic Law of SocioCybernetics. It says: All living systems go through five levels of interrelations (social contracts) of its subsystems:

A. Aggression: survive or die
B. Bureaucracy: follow the norms and rules
C. Competition: my gain is your loss
D. Decision: disclosing individual feelings, intentions
E. Empathy: cooperation in one unified interest

Going through these five phases of relationship theoretically gives the framework for the sociocybernetic study of any evolutionary system. It serves as an "equation for life."

the evolution of organic societies into our current, vastly destructive, hierarchical societies - over millennia - has also taken place through some ... (almost cancerous?) ... unstoppable autopoietic process. If we are to halt this process ... which is about to destroy us as a species, probably carrying the planet as we know it with us, it will be necessary to map and find ways of intervening in the sociocybernetic processes involved. No centralised system-wide, command-and-control oriented, change will suffice. Systems intervention requires complex systems-oriented intervention targeted at nodes in the system, not system-wide change based on "common sense".


The Governance of Self and Civilization
Copyright © by Barnabas D. Johnson

SOCRATES: Or again, in a ship, if a man having the power to do what he likes, has no intelligence or skill in navigation [αρετης κυβερνητικης, aretes kybernetikes], do you see what will happen to him and to his fellow-sailors?

Plato, Alcibiades I; Benjamin Jowett, translator



The French "cybernétique" was coined in 1834 by André-Marie Ampère (1775-1836). The English "cybernetics" first appeared in Cybernetics, or Control and Communication in the Animal and Machine (1948), a book by Norbert Wiener (1894-1964). These and related words in other languages are rooted in the ancient Greek word κυβερνητικός or kybernetikos, meaning good at steering. Kybernetes (sometimes spelled kubernetes) denoted a rudder, rudder-man, steersman, or skipper. The Latin form was gubernetes or, later, gubernator.

The phrase Kybernetike tekhne — the art of the helmsman — was favored by Aristotle, tekhne meaning "art" (from which we get the word technology). Aristotle insisted that tekhne implied, not mere knowledge or skill, but teleological or goal-oriented activity.

To Aristotle, in short, governance was an art, not a science.

"cybernetics" shares the same root as the word "governance" and — contrary to simpleton notions — has relatively little to do with computer-aided, Internet-mediated machinery and institutions. It has everything to do with thought-aided, purpose-directed, history-illuminated, feedback-dependent, and future-affirming or "feed-forward" governance."

Messages In This Thread
RE: The Law of Requisite Variety(Cybernetics) and Project Cybersyn - macfadden - 01-15-2013, 07:51 AM

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