Top 25 Censored Stories Of 2007
05-22-2007, 01:43 PM
Top 25 Censored Stories Of 2007
Top 25 Censored Stories of 2007
[*]#11 Dangers of Genetically Modified Food Confirmed
Independent/UK, May 22, 2005
Title: Revealed: Health Fears Over Secret Study in GM Food
Author: Geoffrey Lean
Organic Consumers Association website, June 2,2005
Title: Monsanto's GE Corn Experiments on Rats Continue to Generate Global Controversy
Authors: GM Free Cymru
Independent/UK, January 8, 2006
Title: GM: New Study Shows Unborn Babies Could Be Harmed
Author: Geoffrey Lean
Le Monde and Truthout, February 9, 2006
Title: New Suspicions About GMOs
Author: Herve Kempf
Faculty Evaluator: Michael Ezra
Student Researchers: Destiny Stone and Lani Ready
Several recent studies confirm fears that genetically modified (GM) foods damage human health. These studies were released as the World Trade Organization (WTO) moved toward upholding the ruling that the European Union has violated international trade rules by stopping importation of GM foods.
* Research by the Russian Academy of Sciences released in December 2005 found that more than half of the offspring of rats fed GM soy died within the first three weeks of life, six times as many as those born to mothers fed on non-modified soy. Six times as many offspring fed GM soy were also severely underweight.
* In November 2005, a private research institute in Australia, CSIRO Plant Industry, put a halt to further development of a GM pea cultivator when it was found to cause an immune response in laboratory mice.1
* In the summer of 2005, an Italian research team led by a cellular biologist at the University of Urbino published confirmation that absorption of GM soy by mice causes development of misshapen liver cells, as well as other cellular anomalies.
* In May of 2005 the review of a highly confidential and controversial Monsanto report on test results of corn modified with Monsanto MON863 was published in The Independent/UK.
Dr. Arpad Pusztai (see Censored 2001, Story #7), one of the few genuinely independent scientists specializing in plant genetics and animal feeding studies, was asked by the German authorities in the autumn of 2004 to examine Monsantos 1,139-page report on the feeding of MON863 to laboratory rats over a ninety-day period.
The study found statistically significant differences in kidney weights and certain blood parameters in the rats fed the GM corn as compared with the control groups. A number of scientists across Europe who saw the study (and heavily-censored summaries of it) expressed concerns about the health and safety implications if MON863 should ever enter the food chain. There was particular concern in France, where Professor Gilles-Eric Seralini of the University of Caen has been trying (without success) for almost eighteen months to obtain full disclosure of all documents relating to the MON863 study.
Dr. Pusztai was forced by the German authorities to sign a declaration of secrecy before he was allowed to see the Monsanto rat feeding study, on the grounds that the document is classified as CBI or confidential business interest. While Pusztai is still bound by the declaration of secrecy, Monsanto recently declared that it does not object to the widespread dissemination of the Pusztai Report.2
Monsanto GM soy and corn are widely consumed by Americans at a time when the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization has concluded, In several cases, GMOs have been put on the market when safety issues are not clear.
As GMO research is not encouraged by U.S. or European governments, the vast majority of toxicological studies are conducted by those companies producing and promoting consumption of GMOs. With motive and authenticity of results suspect in corporate testing, independent scientific research into the effects of GM foods is attracting increasing attention.
Comment: In May 2006 the WTO upheld a ruling that European countries broke international trade rules by stopping importation of GM foods. The WTO verdict found that the EU has had an effective ban on biotech foods since 1998 and sided with the U.S., Canada, and Argentina in a decision that the moratorium was illegal under WTO rules.3
1. GM peas cause immune responseA gap in the approval process? <a href="http://www.GMO-Compass.org" target="_blank"><a href="http://www.GMO-Compass.org" target="_blank"><a href="http://www.GMO-Compass.org" target="_blank">http://www.GMO-Compass.org</a></a></a>, January 3, 2006.
2. Arpad Pusztai, Mon863-Pusztai Report, <a href="http://www.GMWatch.org" target="_blank"><a href="http://www.GMWatch.org" target="_blank"><a href="http://www.GMWatch.org" target="_blank">http://www.GMWatch.org</a></a></a>, September 12, 2004.
3. Bradley S. Clapper, WTO Faults EU for Blocking Modified Food, Associated Press, May 11, 2006.
[*]#12 Pentagon Plans to Build New Landmines
Inter Press Service, August 3, 2005
Title: After 10-Year Hiatus, Pentagon Eyes New Landmine
Author: Isaac Baker
Human Rights Watch website, August 2005
Title: Development and Production of Landmines
Faculty Evaluator: Scott Suneson
Student Researchers: Rachel Barry and Matt Frick
The Bush administration plans to resume production of antipersonnel landmine systems in a move that is at odds with both the international community and previous U.S. policy, according to the leading human rights organization, Human Rights Watch (HRW).
Nearly every nation has endorsed the goal of a global ban on antipersonnel mines. In 1994 the U.S. called for the eventual elimination of all such mines, and in 1996 President Bill Clinton said the U.S. would seek a worldwide agreement as soon as possible to end the use of all antipersonnel mines. The U.S. produced its last antipersonnel landmine in 1997. It had been the stated objective of the U.S. government to eventually join the 145 countries signatory to the 1997 Mine Ban Treaty, which bans the use, production, exporting, and stockpiling of antipersonnel landmines.
The Bush administration, however, made an about-face in U.S. antipersonnel landmine policy in February 2004, when it abandoned any plan to join the Mine Ban Treaty, also known as the Ottawa Convention. The United States will not join the Ottawa Convention because its terms would have required us to give up a needed military capability, the U.S. Department of States Bureau of Political-Military announced, summing up the administrations new policy, The United States will continue to develop non-persistent anti-personnel and anti-tank landmines.
HRW reports that, New U.S. landmines will have a variety of ways of being initiated, both command-detonation (that is, when a soldier decides when to explode the mine, sometimes called man-in-the-loop) and traditional victim-activation. A mine that is designed to be exploded by the presence, proximity, or contact of a person (i.e., victim-activation) is prohibited under the International Mine Ban Treaty.
To sidestep international opposition, the Pentagon proposes development of the Spider system, which consists of a control unit capable of monitoring up to eighty-four hand-placed, unattended munitions that deploy a web of tripwires across an area. Once a wire is touched, a man-in-the-loop control system allows the operator to activate the devices.
The Spider, however, contains a battlefield override feature that allows for circumvention of the man-in-the-loop, and activation by the target (victim).
A Pentagon report to Congress stated, Target Activation is a software feature that allows the man-in-the-loop to change the capability of a munition from requiring action by an operator prior to being detonated, to a munition that will be detonated by a target. The Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the Service Chiefs, using best military judgment, feel that the man-in-the-loop system without this feature would be insufficient to meet tactical operational conditions and electronic countermeasures.
The U.S. Army spent $135 million between fiscal years 1999 and 2004 to develop Spider and another $11 million has been requested to complete research and development. A total of $390 million is budgeted to produce 1,620 Spider systems and 186,300 munitions. According to budget documents released in February 2005, the Pentagon requested $688 million for research on and $1.08 billion for the production of new landmine systems between fiscal years 2006 and 2011.
Steven Goose, Director of HRW Arms Division, told Project Censored that Congress has required a report from the Pentagon on the humanitarian consequences of the battlefield override or victim-activated feature of these munitions for review before approving funds. Though production was set for December of 2005, Congress has not, as of June 2006, received this preliminary Pentagon report.
If the Spider or similar mine munitions systems move forward, a frightening precedence will be set. At best the 145 signatories to the Ottawa Convention will be beholden to the treaty, which forbids assistance in joint military operations where landmines are being used. At worst, U.S. production will legitimize international resumption of landmine proliferation.
Steven Goose warns, If one doesnt insist on a comprehensive ban on all types and uses of antipersonnel mines, each nation will be able to claim unique requirements and justifications.
UPDATE BY ISAAC BAKER
Landmines are horrific weapons. And, naturally, news stories about the terror they inflict upon human beingsmainly civiliansare gritty and disturbing if they are truthful. Especially when its your own government thats responsible.
And given the mainstream medias typical service to power, this story didnt make many headlines.
But the potential ramifications of the U.S. government resuming production of landmines are overwhelming. And since the average American cant depend on many media to inform them of the horrific things their government is doing, concerned people must take it upon themselves to put their government in its place.
We all must ask ourselves: Do we want our governmentthe body that theoretically represents we, the peoplespending millions upon millions of dollars on these destructive weapons? Are we comfortable with sitting back and letting our government produce weapons that kill and maim civilians?
Or will we coalesce and let the powerful know that we will not stand for this gross disregard for human life and international opinion?
Its our responsibility to stop the abuses of power in our country. And if we do not confront our government on this issue, I believe, the blood of the innocents will be on all of our hands.
For more information on how to get involved please visit: <a href="http://www.hrw.org" target="_blank"><a href="http://www.hrw.org" target="_blank"><a href="http://www.hrw.org" target="_blank">http://www.hrw.org</a></a></a> and <a href="http://www.banminesusa.org" target="_blank"><a href="http://www.banminesusa.org" target="_blank"><a href="http://www.banminesusa.org" target="_blank">http://www.banminesusa.org</a></a></a> or <a href="http://www.icbl.org" target="_blank"><a href="http://www.icbl.org" target="_blank"><a href="http://www.icbl.org" target="_blank">http://www.icbl.org</a></a></a>
[*]#13 New Evidence Establishes Dangers of Roundup
Third World Resurgence, No. 176, April 2005
Title: New Evidence of Dangers of Roundup Weedkiller
Author: Chee Yoke Heong
Faculty Evaluator: Jennifer While
Student Researchers: Peter McArthur and Lani Ready
New studies from both sides of the Atlantic reveal that Roundup, the most widely used weedkiller in the world, poses serious human health threats. More than 75 percent of genetically modified (GM) crops are engineered to tolerate the absorption of Roundupit eliminates all plants that are not GM. Monsanto Inc., the major engineer of GM crops, is also the producer of Roundup. Thus, while Roundup was formulated as a weapon against weeds, it has become a prevalent ingredient in most of our food crops.
Three recent studies show that Roundup, which is used by farmers and home gardeners, is not the safe product we have been led to trust.
A group of scientists led by biochemist Professor Gilles-Eric Seralini from the University of Caen in France found that human placental cells are very sensitive to Roundup at concentrations lower than those currently used in agricultural application.
An epidemiological study of Ontario farming populations showed that exposure to glyphosate, the key ingredient in Roundup, nearly doubled the risk of late miscarriages. Seralini and his team decided to research the effects of the herbicide on human placenta cells. Their study confirmed the toxicity of glyphosate, as after eighteen hours of exposure at low concentrations, large proportions of human placenta began to die. Seralini suggests that this may explain the high levels of premature births and miscarriages observed among female farmers using glyphosate.
Seralinis team further compared the toxic effects of the Roundup formula (the most common commercial formulation of glyphosate and chemical additives) to the isolated active ingredient, glyphosate. They found that the toxic effect increases in the presence of Roundup adjuvants or additives. These additives thus have a facilitating role, rendering Roundup twice as toxic as its isolated active ingredient, glyphosate.
Another study, released in April 2005 by the University of Pittsburgh, suggests that Roundup is a danger to other life-forms and non-target organisms. Biologist Rick Relyea found that Roundup is extremely lethal to amphibians. In what is considered one of the most extensive studies on the effects of pesticides on nontarget organisms in a natural setting, Relyea found that Roundup caused a 70 percent decline in amphibian biodiversity and an 86 percent decline in the total mass of tadpoles. Leopard frog tadpoles and gray tree frog tadpoles were nearly eliminated.
In 2002, a scientific team led by Robert Belle of the National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS) biological station in Roscoff, France showed that Roundup activates one of the key stages of cellular division that can potentially lead to cancer. Belle and his team have been studying the impact of glyphosate formulations on sea urchin cells for several years. The team has recently demonstrated in Toxicological Science (December 2004) that a control point for DNA damage was affected by Roundup, while glyphosate alone had no effect. We have shown that its a definite risk factor, but we have not evaluated the number of cancers potentially induced, nor the time frame within which they would declare themselves, Belle acknowledges.
There is, indeed, direct evidence that glyphosate inhibits an important process called RNA transcription in animals, at a concentration well below the level that is recommended for commercial spray application.
There is also new research that shows that brief exposure to commercial glyphosate causes liver damage in rats, as indicated by the leakage of intracellular liver enzymes. The research indicates that glyphosate and its surfactant in Roundup were found to act in synergy to increase damage to the liver.
UPDATE BY CHEE YOKE HEONG
Roundup Ready weedkiller is one of the most widely used weedkillers in the world for crops and backyard gardens. Roundup, with its active ingredient glyphosate, has long been promoted as safe for humans and the environment while effective in killing weeds. It is therefore significant when recent studies show that Roundup is not as safe as its promoters claim.
This has major consequences as the bulk of commercially planted genetically modified crops are designed to tolerate glyphosate (and especially Roundup), and independent field data already shows a trend of increasing use of the herbicide. This goes against industry claims that herbicide use will drop and that these plants will thus be more environment-friendly. Now it has been found that there are serious health effects, too. My story therefore aimed to highlight these new findings and their implications to health and the environment.
Not surprisingly, Monsanto came out refuting some of the findings of the studies mentioned in the article. What ensued was an open exchange between Dr. Rick Relyea and Monsanto, whereby the former stood his grounds. Otherwise, to my knowledge, no studies have since emerged on Roundup.
For more information look to the following sources:
Professor Gilles-Eric, firstname.lastname@example.org
Biosafety Information Center, <a href="http://www.biosafety-info.net" target="_blank"><a href="http://www.biosafety-info.net" target="_blank"><a href="http://www.biosafety-info.net" target="_blank">http://www.biosafety-info.net</a></a></a>
Institute of Science in Society, <a href="http://www.i-sis.org.uk" target="_blank"><a href="http://www.i-sis.org.uk" target="_blank"><a href="http://www.i-sis.org.uk" target="_blank">http://www.i-sis.org.uk</a></a></a>
[*]#14 Homeland Security Contracts KBR to Build Detention Centers in the US
New America Media, January 31, 2006
Title: Homeland Security Contracts for Vast New Detention Camps
Author: Peter Dale Scott
New America Media, February 21, 2006
Title: 10-Year US Strategic Plan for Detention Camps Revives Proposals from Oliver North
Author: Peter Dale Scott
Consortiium, February 21, 2006
Title: Bush's Mysterious New Programs
Author: Nat Parry
Title: Detention Camp Jitters
Author: Maureen Farrell
Community Evaluator: Dr. Gary Evans
Student Researchers: Sean Hurley and Caitlyn Peele
Halliburtons subsidiary KBR (formerly Kellogg, Brown and Root) announced on January 24, 2006 that it had been awarded a $385 million contingency contract by the Department of Homeland Security to build detention camps in the United States.
According to a press release posted on the Halliburton website, The contract, which is effective immediately, provides for establishing temporary detention and processing capabilities to augment existing Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) Detention and Removal Operations (DRO) Program facilities in the event of an emergency influx of immigrants into the U.S., or to support the rapid development of new programs. The contingency support contract provides for planning and, if required, initiation of specific engineering, construction and logistics support tasks to establish, operate and maintain one or more expansion facilities.
What little coverage the announcement received focused on concerns about Halliburtons reputation for overcharging U.S. taxpayers for substandard services.
Less attention was focused on the phrase rapid development of new programs or what type of programs might require a major expansion of detention centers, capable of holding 5,000 people each. Jamie Zuieback, spokeswoman for ICE, declined to elaborate on what these new programs might be.
Only a few independent journalists, such as Peter Dale Scott, Maureen Farrell, and Nat Parry have explored what the Bush administration might actually have in mind.
Scott speculates that the detention centers could be used to detain American citizens if the Bush administration were to declare martial law. He recalled that during the Reagan administration, National Security Council aide Oliver North organized the Rex-84 readiness exercise, which contemplated the Federal Emergency Management Agency rounding up and detaining 400,000 refugees in the event of uncontrolled population movements over the Mexican border into the U.S.
Norths exercise, which reportedly contemplated possible suspension of the Constitution, led to a line of questioning during the Iran-Contra Hearings concerning the idea that plans for expanded internment and detention facilities would not be confined to refugees alone.
It is relevant, says Scott, that in 2002 Attorney General John Ashcroft announced his desire to see camps for U.S. citizens deemed to be enemy combatants. On February 17, 2006, in a speech to the Council on Foreign Relations, Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld spoke of the harm being done to the countrys security, not just by the enemy, but also by what he called news informers who needed to be combated in a contest of wills.
Since September 11 the Bush administration has implemented a number of interrelated programs that were planned in the 1980s under President Reagan. Continuity of Government (COG) proposalsa classified plan for keeping a secret government-within-the-government running during and after a nuclear disasterincluded vastly expanded detention capabilities, warrantless eavesdropping, and preparations for greater use of martial law.
Scott points out that, while Oliver North represented a minority element in the Reagan administration, which soon distanced itself from both the man and his proposals, the minority associated with COG planning, which included Cheney and Rumsfeld, appear to be in control of the U.S. government today.
Farrell speculates that, because another terror attack is all but certain, it seems far more likely that the detention centers would be used for post-September 11-type detentions of rounded-up immigrants rather than for a sudden deluge of immigrants flooding across the border.
Vietnam-era whistleblower Daniel Ellsberg ventures, Almost certainly this is preparation for a roundup after the next September 11 for Mid-Easterners, Muslims and possibly dissenters. Theyve already done this on a smaller scale, with the special registration detentions of immigrant men from Muslim countries, and with Guantánamo.
Parry notes that The Washington Post reported on February 15, 2006 that the National Counterterrorism Centers (NCTC) central repository holds the names of 325,000 terrorist suspects, a fourfold increase since fall of 2003.
Asked whether the names in the repository were collected through the NSAs domestic surveillance program, an NCTC official told the Post, Our database includes names of known and suspected international terrorists provided by all intelligence community organizations, including NSA.
As the administration scoops up more and more names, members of Congress have questioned the elasticity of Bushs definitions for words like terrorist affiliates, used to justify wiretapping Americans allegedly in contact with such people or entities.
A Defense Department document, entitled the Strategy for Homeland Defense and Civil Support, has set out a military strategy against terrorism that envisions an active, layered defense both inside and outside U.S. territory. In the document, the Pentagon pledges to transform U.S. military forces to execute homeland defense missions in the . . . U.S. homeland. The strategy calls for increased military reconnaissance and surveillance to defeat potential challengers before they threaten the United States. The plan maximizes threat awareness and seizes the initiative from those who would harm us.
But there are concerns, warns Parry, over how the Pentagon judges threats and who falls under the category of those who would harm us. A Pentagon official said the Counterintelligence Field Activitys TALON program has amassed files on antiwar protesters.
In the view of some civil libertarians, a form of martial law already exists in the U.S. and has been in place since shortly after the September 11 attacks when Bush issued Military Order Number One, which empowered him to detain any noncitizen as an international terrorist or enemy combatant. Today that order extends to U.S. citizens as well.
Farrell ends her article with the conclusion that while much speculation has been generated by KBRs contract to build huge detention centers within the U.S., The truth is, we wont know the real purpose of these centers unless contingency plans are needed. And by then, it will be too late.
UPDATE BY PETER DALE SCOTT
The contract of the Halliburton subsidiary KBR to build immigrant detention facilities is part of a longer-term Homeland Security plan titled ENDGAME, which sets as its goal the removal of all removable aliens and potential terrorists. In the 1980s Richard Cheney and Donald Rumsfeld discussed similar emergency detention powers as part of a super-secret program of planning for what was euphemistically called Continuity of Government (COG) in the event of a nuclear disaster. At the time, Cheney was a Wyoming congressman, while Rumsfeld, who had been defense secretary under President Ford, was a businessman and CEO of the drug company G.D. Searle.
These men planned for suspension of the Constitution, not just after nuclear attack, but for any national security emergency, which they defined in Executive Order 12656 of 1988 as: Any occurrence, including natural disaster, military attack, technological or other emergency, that seriously degrades or seriously threatens the national security of the United States. Clearly September 11 would meet this definition, and did, for COG was instituted on that day. As the Washington Post later explained, the order dispatched a shadow government of about 100 senior civilian managers to live and work secretly outside Washington, activating for the first time long-standing plans.
What these managers in this shadow government worked on has never been reported. But it is significant that the group that prepared ENDGAME was, as the Homeland Security document puts it, chartered in September 2001. For ENDGAMEs goal of a capacious detention capability is remarkably similar to Oliver Norths controversial Rex-84 readiness exercise for COG in 1984. This called for the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to round up and detain 400,000 imaginary refugees, in the context of uncontrolled population movements over the Mexican border into the United States.
UPDATE BY MAUREEN FARRELL
When the story about Kellogg, Brown and Roots contract for emergency detention centers broke, immigration was not the hot button issue it is today. Given this, the language in Halliburtons press release, stating that the centers would be built in the event of an emergency influx of immigrants into the U.S., raised eyebrows, especially among those familiar with Rex-84 and other Reagan-era initiatives. FEMAs former plans for the detention of at least 21 million American Negroes in assembly centers or relocation camps added to the distrust, and the second stated reason for the KBR contract, to support the rapid development of new programs, sent imaginations reeling.
While few in the mainstream media made the connection between KBRs contract and previous programs, Fox News eventually addressed this issue, pooh-poohing concerns as the province of conspiracy theories and unfounded fears. My article attempted to sift through the speculation, focusing on verifiable information found in declassified and leaked documents which proved that, in addition to drawing up contingency plans for martial law, the government has conducted military readiness exercises designed to round up and detain both illegal aliens and U.S. citizens.
How concerned should Americans be? Recent reports are conflicting and confusing:
* In May, 2006, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) began Operation Return to Sender, which involved catching illegal immigrants and deporting them. In June, however, President Bush vowed that there would soon be new infrastructures including detention centers designed to put an end to such catch and release practices.
* Though Bush said he was working with Congress to increase the number of detention facilities along our borders, Rep. Bennie Thompson, ranking member of the House Homeland Security Committee, said he first learned about the KBR contract through newspaper reports.
* Fox News recently quoted Pepperdine University professor Doug Kmiec, who deemed detention camp concerns more paranoia than reality and added that KBRs contract is most likely something related to (Hurricane) Katrina or a bird flu outbreak that could spur a mass quarantine of Americans. The presidents stated desire for the U.S. military to take a more active role during natural disasters and to enforce quarantines in the event of a bird flu outbreak, however, have been roundly denounced.
Concern over an all-powerful federal government is not paranoia, but active citizenship. As Thomas Jefferson explained, even under the best forms of government, those entrusted with power have, in time, and by slow operations, perverted it into tyranny. From John Adamss Alien and Sedition Acts to FDRs internment of Japanese Americans, the land of the free has held many contradictions and ironies. Interestingly enough, Halliburton was at the center of another historical controversy, when Lyndon Johnsons ties to a little-known company named Kellogg, Brown and Root caused a congressional commotionparticularly after the Halliburton subsidiary won enough wartime contracts to become one of the first protested symbols of the military-industrial complex. Back then they were known as the Vietnam builders. The question, of course, is what theyll be known as next.
Reagan Aides and the Secret Government, Miami Herald, July 5, 1987, <a href="http://fpiarticle.blogspot.com/2005/12/fro...uly-5-1987.html" target="_blank"><a href="http://fpiarticle.blogspot.com/2005/12/fro...uly-5-1987.html" target="_blank"><a href="http://fpiarticle.blogspot.com/2005/12/fro...uly-5-1987.html" target="_blank">http://fpiarticle.blogspot.com/2005/12/fro...uly-5-1987.html</a></a></a>
Foundations are in place for martial law in the US, July 27, 2002, Sydney Morning Herald, smh.com.au/articles/2002/07/27/ 1027497418339.html
Halliburton Deals Recall Vietnam-Era Controversy: Cheneys Ties to Company Reminiscent of LBJs Relationships, NPR, Dec. 24, 2003, <a href="http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=1569483" target="_blank"><a href="http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=1569483" target="_blank"><a href="http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=1569483" target="_blank">http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=1569483</a></a></a>
Critics Fear Emergency Centers Could Be Used for Immigration Round-Ups, Fox News, June 7, 2006, <a href="http://www.foxnews.com/" target="_blank"><a href="http://www.foxnews.com/" target="_blank"><a href="http://www.foxnews.com/" target="_blank">http://www.foxnews.com/</a></a></a> story/0,2933,198456,00.html
U.S. officials nab 2,100 illegal immigrants in 3 weeks, USA Today, June 14, 2006, <a href="http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-0...n-arrests_x.htm" target="_blank"><a href="http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-0...n-arrests_x.htm" target="_blank"><a href="http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-0...n-arrests_x.htm" target="_blank">http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-0...n-arrests_x.htm</a></a></a>
[*]#15 Chemical Industry is EPAs Primary Research Partner
Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility, October 5, 2005
Title: Chemical Industry Is Now EPAs Main Research Partner
Author: Jeff Ruch
Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility, October 6, 2005
Title: EPA Becoming Arm of Corporate R&D
Author: Jeff Ruch
Community Evaluator: Tim Ogburn
Student Researcher: Lani Ready and Peter McArthur
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) research program is increasingly relying on corporate joint ventures, according to agency documents obtained by Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility (PEER). The American Chemical Council (ACC) is now EPAs leading research partner and the EPA is diverting funds from basic health and environmental research towards research that addresses regulatory concerns of corporate funders.
Since the beginning of Bushs first term in office, there has been a significant increase in cooperative research and development agreements (CRADAs) with individual corporations or industry associations. During Bushs first four years EPA entered into fifty-seven corporate CRADAs, compared to thirty-four such agreements during Clintons second term.
EPA scientists claim that corporations are influencing the agencys research agenda through financial inducements. One EPA scientist wrote, Many of us in the labs feel like we work for contracts. In April 2005, EPAs Science Advisory Board warned that the agency was no longer funding credible public health research. It noted, for example, that the EPA was falling behind on issues such as intercontinental pollution transport and nanotechnology.
Furthermore, in April 2005, a study by the Government Accountability Office concluded that EPA lacks safeguards to evaluate or manage potential conflicts of interest in corporate research agreements, as they are taking money from companies and corporations that they are supposed to be regulating.
According to Rebecca Rose, the Program Director of PEER, Under its current leadership, EPA is becoming an arm of corporate R&D. She also notes that the number of corporate CRADAs under the Bush administration outnumbered those entered into with universities or local governments, adding, Public health research needs should not have to depend upon corporate underwriting.
In October 2005 President Bush nominated George Gray to serve as the Assistant Administrator for the Environmental Protection Agency Office of Research and Development (ORD). At that time George Gray ran a Center for Risk Analysis at Harvard University where the majority of the funding came from corporate sources. Gray indicated upon nomination that he intends to continue and expand his solicitation of corporate research funds in his position with ORD.
PEERs Executive Director Jeff Ruch warns, Injecting outside money into a public agency research program, especially when it is tied to particular projects, has a subtle but undeniable influence on not only what work gets done but also how that work is reported. He adds, As what was one of the top public health research programs slides toward dysfunction, nothing about the background, attitude or philosophy of Mr. Gray suggests that he is even remotely the right person for this job.
In 2004 & 2005, EPA was plagued by reports of political suppression of scientific results on important health issues such as asbestos and mercury regulation (see Censored 2005, Story #3). In response ORD launched a public relations campaign, entitled Science for You, using agency research funds to clean up its image.
Comments: George M. Gray was sworn in as the Assistant Administrator of Research and Development at EPA on November 1, 2005, with unanimous consent of the U.S. Senate.
UPDATE BY JEFF RUCH
This story illustrates how key environmental research is being diverted away from public health priorities in order to meet a corporate regulatory agenda. By enticing EPA into partnerships, entities such as the American Chemical Council (ACC), which is now EPAs leading research partner, can influence not only what EPA researches but how that research is conducted, as well.
For example, long-term health monitoring studies drop off EPAs list of priority topics because industry has no interest in funding such vital workif anything, industry has an incentive to prevent such research from being conducted. By the same token, the industry push to allow human subject experiments to test tolerance to pesticides and other commercial poisons is precisely the type of research the industry desires to entice EPA into conducting, and thus legitimizing, despite an array of unresolved ethical problems.
A few updates since October 2005 worthy of note: a) A leading proponent of industry research partnerships, George Gray, has been confirmed as EPA Assistant Administrator for Research & Development.B)President Bush has proposed further cuts to EPAs already shrinking research budget. (see <a href="http://www.peer.org/news/" target="_blank"><a href="http://www.peer.org/news/" target="_blank"><a href="http://www.peer.org/news/" target="_blank">http://www.peer.org/news/</a></a></a> news_id.php?row_id=661). This growing penury makes EPA even more interested in using corporate dollars to supplement its tattered research program. c) EPA is in the first weeks of its human testing program. A specially convened Human Subjects Review Board is now struggling to approve industry and agency studies in which people were not given informed consent or were given harmful doses of chemicals.
The EPA page of our website has several updates on this and related issues.
[*]#16 Ecuador and Mexico Defy US on International Criminal Court
Agence France Press News (School of the Americas Watch), June 22, 2005
Title: Ecuador Refuses to Sign ICC Immunity Deal for US Citizens
Author: Alexander Martinez
Inter Press Service, November 2, 2005
Title: Mexico Defies Washington on the International Criminal Court
Author: Katherine Stapp
Faculty Evaluator: Elizabeth Martinez
Student Researchers: Jessica Rodas, David Abbott, and Charlene Jones
Ecuador and Mexico have refused to sign bilateral immunity agreements (BIA) with the U.S., in ratification of the International Criminal Court (ICC) treaty. Despite the Bush administrations threat to withhold economic aid, both countries confirmed allegiance to the ICC, the international body established to try individuals accused of war crimes and crimes against humanity.
On June 22, 2005 Ecuadors president, Alfredo Palacios, vocalized emphatic refusal to sign a BIA (also known as an Article 98 agreement to the Rome Statute of the ICC) in spite of Washingtons threat to withhold $70 million a year in military aid.
Mexico, having signed the Rome Statute, which established the ICC in 2000, formally ratified the treaty on October 28, 2005, making it the 100th nation to join the ICC. As a consequence of ratifying the ICC without a U.S. immunity agreement, Mexico stands to lose millions of dollars in U.S. aidincluding $11.5 million to fight drug trafficking.
On September 29, 2005 the U.S. State Department reported that it had secured 100 immunity agreements, although less than a third have been ratified.
Our ultimate goal is to conclude Article 98 agreements with every country in the world, regardless of whether they have signed or ratified the ICC, regardless of whether they intend to in the future, said John Bolton, former U.S. Undersecretary for Arms Control and current U.S. ambassador to the United Nationsand one of the ICCs staunchest opponents.
The U.S. effort to undermine the ICC was given teeth in 2002, when the U.S. Congress adopted the American Servicemembers Protection Act (ASPA), which contains provisions restricting U.S. cooperation with the ICC by making U.S. support of UN peacekeeping missions largely contingent on achieving impunity for all U.S. personnel.
The ASPA prohibits U.S. military assistance to ICC member states that have not signed a BIA.
Legislation far more wide-reaching, however, was signed into law by President Bush on December 2004. The Nethercutt Amendment authorizes the loss of Economic Support Funds (ESF) to countries, including many key U.S. allies, that have not signed a BIA. Threatened under the Nethercutt Amendment are: funds for international security and counterterrorism efforts, peace process programs, antidrug-trafficking initiatives, truth and reconciliation commissions, wheelchair distribution, human rights programs, economic and democratic development, and HIV/Aids education, among others. The Nethercutt Amendment was readopted by the U.S. Congress in November 2005.1
In spite of severe U.S. pressure, fifty-three members of the ICC have refused to sign BIAs.
Katherine Stapp asserts that if Washington follows through on threats to slash aid to ICC member states, it risks further alienating key U.S. allies and drawing attention to its own increasingly shaky human rights record. There will be a price to be paid by the U.S. government in terms of its credibility, Richard Dicker, director of Human Rights Watchs International Justice Program, told IPS.\But criticism of the administrations hard line has also come from unlikely quarters.
Testifying before Congress in March, Gen. Bantz J. Craddock, the commander of U.S. military forces in Latin America, complained that the sanctions had excluded Latin American officers from U.S. training programs and could allow China, which has been seeking military ties with Latin America, to fill the void.
We now risk losing contact and interoperability with a generation of military classmates in many nations of the region, including several leading countries, Craddock told the Senate Armed Services Committee.
Experts say it is particularly notable that Mexico, which sells 88 percent of its exports in the U.S. market, is defying pressure from Washington.
Its exactly because of the geographic and trade proximity between Mexico and the United States that Mexicos ratification takes on greater significance in terms of how isolated the U.S. government is in its attitude toward the ICC, Dicker told IPS.
1. Overview of the United States Opposition to the International Criminal Court, <a href="http://www.iccnow.org" target="_blank"><a href="http://www.iccnow.org" target="_blank"><a href="http://www.iccnow.org" target="_blank">http://www.iccnow.org</a></a></a>.
UPDATE BY KATHERINE STAPP
As noted by Amnesty International, the United States is the only nation in the world that is actively opposed to the International Criminal Court (ICC). However, more and more countries appear to be resisting pressure to exempt U.S. nationals from the courts jurisdiction. Since the time of my writing, the number of bilateral immunity agreements, or BIAs, garnered by Washington has remained the same: 100, of which only twenty-one have been ratified by parliaments, while another eighteen are considered executive agreements that purportedly do not require ratification. Only thirteen states parties to the ICC (out of 100) have ratified BIAs with the United States, while eight others have reportedly entered into executive agreements. In the past two years, only four countries in Latin America and the Caribbean have signed BIAs, also known as Article 98 agreements.
Some key figures in the Bush administration have recently expressed doubts about the wisdom of withholding aid from friendly countries that refuse to sign. At a March 10 briefing, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice likened the BIAs to sort of the same as shooting ourselves in the foot . . . by having to put off aid to countries with which we have important counter-terrorism or counter-drug or in some cases, in some of our allies, its even been cooperation in places like Afghanistan and Iraq.
Bantz Craddock, head of the U.S. Southern Command, remains a vocal critic of the American Servicemembers Protection Act (ASPA) sanctions, noting in testimony before the House Armed Services Committee on March 16 that eleven Latin American nations have now been barred under ASPA from receiving International Military Education and Training funds. These include Brazil, Bolivia, Ecuador, and Mexico.
Decreasing engagement opens the door for competing nations and outside political actors who may not share our democratic principles to increase interaction and influence within the region, he noted.
And in the 2006 Quadrennial Defense Review Report published on February 6, the Defense Department said it will consider whether ASPA restrictions on foreign assistance programs pertaining to security and the war on terror necessitate adjustment as we continue to advance the aims of the ASPA.
Meanwhile, a May 11 poll by the University of Marylands Program on International Policy Attitudes found that a bipartisan majority of the U.S. public (69 percent) believes that the U.S. should not be given special exceptions when it becomes a party to human rights treaties. 60 percent explicitly support U.S. participation in the ICC.
Mexico has stood firm in its refusal to sign a BIA, with the Mexican Parliaments Lower Chamber stating that immunity is not allowed under the Rome Statute that establishes the ICC. As a result, $3.6 million in military aid has been frozen, and further International Military Exchange Training aid cut to zero in the administrations proposed 2007 budget request. The country also stands to lose more than $11 million from the Economic Support Fund (ESF).
Other countries currently threatened with aid cuts include Bolivia, which could lose 96 percent of its U.S. military aid, and Kenya, which could lose $8 million in ESF aid.
More information can be found at:
Citizens for Global Solutions (http://www.globalsolutions.org/programs/...ome.html); Coalition for the International Criminal Court (http://www.iccnow.org/?mod=bia); The American Non-Governmental Organisations Coalition for the International Criminal Court (http://www.amicc.org/); Washington Working Group on the International Criminal Court (http://www.usaforicc.org/wicc/)
[*]#17 Iraq Invasion Promotes OPEC Agenda
Harpers in coordination with BBC Television Newsnight, October 24, 2005
Title: OPEC and the economic conquest of Iraq
Author: Greg Palast
The Guardian March 20, 2006
Bush Didnt Bungle Iraq, You Fools: The Mission Was Indeed Accomplished
Author: Greg Palast
Faculty Evaluator: David McCuan
Student Researcher: Isaac Dolido
According to a report from journalist, Greg Palast, the U.S. invasion of Iraq was indeed about the oil. However, it wasnt to destroy OPEC, as claimed by neoconservatives in the administration, but to take part in it.
The U.S. strategic occupation of Iraq has been an effective means of acquiring access to the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). As long as the interim government adheres to the production caps set by the organization, the U.S. will ensure profits to the international oil companies (IOCs), the OPEC cartel, and Russia.
With the prolonged insurgency following the invasion, along with internal corruption and pipeline destruction, hard line neoconservative plans for a completely privatized Iraq were dashed. According to some administration insiders, the idea of a laissez-faire, free-market reconstruction of Iraq was never a serious consideration. One oil industry consultant to Iraq told Palast he was amused by the obsession of neoconservative writers on ways to undermine OPEC.
In December 2003, says Palast, the State Department drafted a 323-page plan entitled Options for Developing a Long Term Sustainable Iraqi Oil Industry. This plan directs the Iraqis to maintain an oil quota system that will enhance its relationship with OPEC. It describes several possible state-owned options that range from the Saudi Aramco model (in which the government owns the whole operation) to the Azerbaijan model (in which the system is almost entirely operated by the International Oil Companies).
Implementation of the plan was guided by a handful of oil industry consultants, promoting an OPEC-friendly policy but preferring the Azerbaijan model to the self-financing system of the Saudi Aramco, as it grants operation and control to the foreign oil companies (the 2003 report warns Iraqis against cutting into IOC profits). Once the contracts are granted, these companies then manage, fund, and equip crude extraction in exchange for a percentage of the sales. Given the way in which the interests of OPEC and those of the IOCs are so closely aligned, it is certainly understandable why smashing OPECs oil cartel might not appeal to certain elements of the Bush administration.
According to the drafters and promoters of the plan, dismantling OPEC would be a catastrophe. The last thing they want is the privatization of Iraqs oil fields and the specter of competition maximizing production. Pumping more oil per day than the OPEC regulated quota of almost 4 million, would quickly bring down Iraqs economy and compromise the U.S. position in the global market.
Since the invasion of Iraq in 2003, profits have shot up for oil companies. In 2004, the major U.S. oil companies posted record or near record profits. In 2005 profits for the five largest oil companies increased to $113 billion. In February 2006, ConocoPhillips reported a doubling of its quarterly profits from the previous year, which itself had been a company record. Shell posted a record breaking $4.48 billion in fourth-quarter earningsand in 2005, ExxonMobil reported the largest one-year operating profit of any corporation in U.S. history.
[*]#18 Physicist Challenges Official 9-11 Story
Deseret Morning News, November 10, 2005
Title: Y. Professor Thinks Bombs, Not Planes, Toppled WTC
Author: Elaine Jarvik
Brigham Young University website, Winter 2005
Title: Why Indeed Did the WTC Buildings Collapse?
Author: Steven E. Jones
Deseret Morning News, January 26, 2006
Title: BYU professor's group accuses U.S. officials of lying about 9/11
Author: Elaine Jarvik
Faculty Evaluator: John Kramer
Student Researchers: David Abbott and Courtney Wilcox
Research into the events of September 11 by Brigham Young University physics professor, Steven E. Jones, concludes that the official explanation for the collapse of the World Trade Center (WTC) buildings is implausible according to laws of physics. Jones is calling for an independent, international scientific investigation guided not by politicized notions and constraints but rather by observations and calculations.
In debunking the official explanation of the collapse of the three WTC buildings, Jones cites the complete, rapid, and symmetrical collapse of the buildings; the horizontal explosions (squibs) evidenced in films of the collapses; the fact that the antenna dropped first in the North Tower, suggesting the use of explosives in the core columns; and the large pools of molten metal observed in the basement areas of both towers.
Jones also investigated the collapse of WTC 7, a forty-seven-story building that was not hit by planes, yet dropped in its own footprint, in the same manner as a controlled demolition. WTC 7 housed the U.S. Secret Service, the Department of Defense, the Immigration and Naturalization Service, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, the Mayors Office of Emergency Management, the Internal Revenue Service Regional Council, and the Central Intelligence Agency. Many of the records from the Enron accounting scandal were destroyed when the building came down.
Jones claims that the National Institutes of Standards and Technology (NIST) ignored the physics and chemistry of what happened on September 11 and even manipulated its testing in order to get a computer-generated hypothesis that fit the end result of collapse, and did not even attempt to investigate the possibility of controlled demolition. He also questions the investigations conducted by FEMA and the 9/11 Commission.
Among the reports other findings:
* No steel-frame building, before or after the WTC buildings, has ever collapsed due to fire. But explosives can effectively sever steel columns.
* WTC 7, which was not hit by hijacked planes, collapsed in 6.6 seconds, just .6 of a second longer than it would take an object dropped from the roof to hit the ground. Where is the delay that must be expected due to conservation of momentum, one of the foundational laws of physics? Jones asks. That is, as upper-falling floors strike lower floorsand intact steel support columnsthe fall must be significantly impeded by the impacted mass.
* How do the upper floors fall so quickly, then, and still conserve momentum in the collapsing buildings? The paradox, he says, is easily resolved by the explosive demolition hypothesis, whereby explosives quickly removed lower-floor material, including steel support columns, and allow near free-fall-speed collapses. These observations were not analyzed by FEMA, NIST, or the 9/11 Commission.
* With non-explosive-caused collapse there would typically be a piling up of shattered concrete. But most of the material in the towers was converted to flour-like powder while the buildings were falling. How can we understand this strange behavior, without explosives? Remarkable, amazingand demanding scrutiny since the U.S. government-funded reports failed to analyze this phenomenon."
* Steel supports were partly evaporated, but it would require temperatures near 5,000 degrees Fahrenheit to evaporate steeland neither office materials nor diesel fuel can generate temperatures that hot. Fires caused by jet fuel from the hijacked planes lasted at most a few minutes, and office material fires would burn out within about twenty minutes in any given location.
* Molten metal found in the debris of the WTC may have been the result of a high-temperature reaction of a commonly used explosive such as thermite. Buildings not felled by explosives have insufficient directed energy to result in melting of large quantities of metal, Jones says.
* Multiple loud explosions in rapid sequence were reported by numerous observers in and near the towers, and these explosions occurred far below the region where the planes struck.
In January 2006 Jones, along with a group calling themselves Scholars for 9/11 Truth, called for an international investigation into the attacks and are going so far as to accuse the U.S. government of a massive cover-up.
We believe that senior government officials have covered up crucial facts about what really happened on September 11, the group said in a statement. We believe these events may have been orchestrated by the administration in order to manipulate the American people into supporting policies at home and abroad.
The group is headed by Jones and Jim Fetzer, University of Minnesota Duluth distinguished McKnight professor of philosophy, and is made up of fifty academicians and experts including Robert M. Bowman, former director of the U.S. Star Wars space defense program, and Morgan Reynolds, former chief economist for the Department of Labor in President George W. Bushs first term.
<a href="http://www.scholarsfor911truth.org/WhyInde...elyCollapse.pdf" target="_blank"><a href="http://www.scholarsfor911truth.org/WhyInde...elyCollapse.pdf" target="_blank"><a href="http://www.scholarsfor911truth.org/WhyInde...elyCollapse.pdf" target="_blank">http://www.scholarsfor911truth.org/WhyInde...elyCollapse.pdf</a></a></a>
[*]#19 Destruction of Rainforests Worst Ever
The Independent/UK, October 21, 2005
Title: Revealed: the True Devastation of the Rainforest
Author: Steve Connor
Faculty Evaluator: Myrna Goodman
Student Researcher: Courtney Wilcox and Deanna Haddock
New developments in satellite imaging technology reveal that the Amazon rainforest is being destroyed twice as quickly as previously estimated due to the surreptitious practice of selective logging.
A survey published in the October 21 issue of the journal Science is based on images made possible by a new, ultra-high-resolution satellite-imaging technique developed by scientists affiliated with the Carnegie Institution and Stanford University.
With this new technology, we are able to detect openings in the forest canopy down to just one or two individual trees, says Carnegie scientist Gregory Asner, lead author of the Science study and assistant professor of Geological and Environmental Sciences at Stanford University. People have been monitoring large-scale deforestation in the Amazon with satellites for more than two decades, but selective logging has been mostly invisible until now. While clear-cuts and burn-offs are readily detectable by conventional satellite analysis, selective logging is masked by the Amazons extremely dense forest canopy.
Stanford Universitys website reports that by late 2004, the Carnegie research team had refined its imaging technique into a sophisticated remote-sensing technology called the Carnegie Landsat Analysis System (CLAS), which processes data from three NASA satellitesLandsat 7, Terra and Earth Observing 1through a powerful supercomputer equipped with new pattern-recognition approaches designed by Asner and his staff.1
Each pixel of information obtained by the satellites contains detailed spectral data about the forest, Asner explains. For example, the signals tell us how much green vegetation is in the canopy, how much dead material is on the forest floor and how much bare soil there is.
For the Science study, the researchers conducted their first basin-wide analysis of the Amazon from 1999 to 2002. The results of the four-year survey revealed a problem that is widespread and vastly underestimated, We found much more selective logging than we or anyone else had expectedbetween 4,600 and 8,000 square miles every year of forest spread across five Brazilian states, Asner said.
Selective loggingthe practice of removing one or two trees and leaving the rest intact is often considered a sustainable alternative to clear-cutting. Left unregulated, however, the practice has proven to be extremely destructive.
A large mahogany tree can fetch hundreds of dollars at the sawmill, making it a tempting target in a country where one in five lives in poverty. People go in and remove just the merchantable species from the forest, Asner says. Mahogany is the one everybody knows about, but in the Amazon, there are at least thirty-five marketable hardwood species, and the damage that occurs from taking out just a few trees at a time is enormous. On average, for every tree removed, up to thirty more can be severely damaged by the timber harvesting operation itself. Thats because when trees are cut down, the vines that connect them pull down the neighboring trees.
Logged forests are areas of extraordinary damage. A tree crown can be twenty-five meters. When you knock down a tree it causes a lot of damage in the understory. Light penetrates to the understory and dries out the forest floor, making it much more susceptible to burning. Thats probably the biggest environmental concern, Asner explains. But selective logging also involves the use of tractors and skidders that rip up the soil and the forest floor. Loggers also build makeshift dirt roads to get in, and study after study has shown that those frontier roads become larger and larger as more people move in, and that feeds the deforestation process. Think of logging as the first land-use change.
Another serious environmental concern is that while an estimated 400 million tons of carbon enter the atmosphere every year as a result of traditional deforestation in the Amazon, Asner and his colleagues estimate that an additional 100 million tons is produced by selective logging. That means up to 25 percent more greenhouse gas is entering the atmosphere than was previously assumed, Asner explains, a finding that could alter climate change forecasts on a global scale.
1. Mark Shwartz, Selective logging causes widespread destruction, study finds, Stanford University website, October 21, 2005.<>
&I've come to the conclusion, after having spent many years in politics, is that our presidential elections turn out to be more of a charade than anything else, and I think that is true today. It is a charade,& - Ron Paul, Sept 2008.
We're in a lot of trouble, watch this - http://www.youtube.com/v/3L3QVn4JyYA
You cannot tax someone's labor because that is slavery
- Ed Brown, June 18 2007
The world's &freeest& country has the highest number in prison.
- arundhati roy
The crisis of modern democracy is a profound one. Free elections, a free press and an independent judiciary mean little when the free market has reduced them to commodities available on sale to the highest bidder.
- arundhati roy
The era of manufacturing consent has given way to the era of manufacturing news. Soon media newsrooms will drop the pretense, and start hiring theater directors instead of journalists.
- arundhati roy
The structure of capitalism is flawed. The motor that powers it cannot but vastly increase the disparity between the poor and the rich globally and within countries as well. Parecon is a brave argument for replacing that flawed machine and offers a much needed -- more equitable, democratic, participatory -- alternative economic vision.
- arundhati roy
[The choice between John Kerry and George Bush] is not a real choice. It's an apparent choice. Like choosing a brand of detergent. Whether you buy Ivory Snow or Tide, they're both owned by Proctor & Gamble.
- arundhati roy
No government's condemnation of terrorism is credible if it cannot show itself to be open to change by nonviolent dissent
- arundhati roy
Dr. Hermann Oberth who pioneered rocket design for the German Reich during World War II and later advanced rocket technology for the American manned space launches, cryptically stated: "We cannot take the credit for our record advancement in certain scientific fields alone; we have been helped."
When asked by whom, he replied: "The people of other worlds."
06-02-2007, 12:40 PM
Top 25 Censored Stories Of 2007
&Advertising has these people chasing cars and clothes they don't need.
Generations have been working in jobs they hate, just so they can buy what they don't really need.&
Chuck Palahniuk, Fight Club, Chapter 19
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