The Black Stone at Mecca
09-09-2009, 08:30 PM (This post was last modified: 09-09-2009 08:32 PM by Weyland.)
The Black Stone at Mecca
Saturday, March 1, 2008
The Black Stone at Mecca
(Photo: the Sacred Yoni, one corner of the Ka'bah at Mecca - the part of the sacred black stone pilgrims kiss).
From prior post about "The Hind of Hinds - Continued:"
From Barbara Walker’s "The Woman’s Encyclopedia of Myths and Secrets:"
At Mecca the Goddess was Shaybah or Sheba, the Old Woman, worshipped as a black aniconic stone like the Godess of the Scythian Amazons. The sacred Black Stone now enshrined in the Kaaba at Mecca was her feminine symbol, marked by the sign of the yoni, and covered like the ancient Mother by a veil. No one seems to know exactly what it is supposed to represent today.
The Black Stone rests in the Haram, "Sanctuary", cognate of "harem," which used to mean a Temple of Women: in Babylon, a shrine of the Goddess Har, mother of harlots. Hereditary guardians of the Haram were the Koreshites, "children of Kore," Mohammed’s own tribe. The holy office was originally held by women, before it was taken over by male priests calling themselves Beni Shayban, "Sons of the Old Woman."
What is the black stone of Mecca? Here's the answer from The Edge:
The Black Stone - the Omphalos of the Goddess
Long-suffering readers of Mercian Mysteries will know of my obsession with 'omphali' - the sacred centres which each civilisation seems to create or adopt. Many of these involve stones - the Lia F il (Stone of Destiny) at Tara or the various 'king stones' (such as Kingston upon Thames) where medieval English kings were crowned. Our monarchs still sit on, or at least above, the Stone of Scone for their coronation. But some of these sacred stones have special interest - they are (or are said to be) black. Such Black Stones also tend to have the legend that they have fallen from the stars. Clearly, meteorites the size of these large boulders would explode into tiny fragments on impact, and also leave a substantial crater. The literal truth is not important; rather the symbolism of such stones being a link between this world and the heavens is an integral aspect of the Cosmic Axis which is invoked by all sacred centres.
Perhaps the best-known Black Stone, and now by far the most revered, is the Ka'bah at Mecca. Ka'bah means 'cube' and this describes the shape of the black stone structure on a marble base which stands in the centre court of the Great Mosque, Masjidul Haram, at the centre of Mecca. It stands about 50 feet high by about 35 feet wide. Set into the eastern corner is the sacred stone, covered by an elaborately embroidered black drape. As any non-moslem in the temple would be slain on sight, and photography is generally prohibited, this stone is shrouded is mystery. However, Rufus Camphausen has succeeded in tracking down three accounts of the pilgrimage to Mecca, two of which do contain photographs [1-3]. What these reveal is a polished black stone of which less than two feet is visible, set in a large, solid silver mount. The whole resembles - quite deliberately, for reasons which will emerge - the vulva of the goddess. That moslems now refer to it as the Hand of Allah does not diminish the urge for all those who complete the pilgrimage to Mecca to touch or kiss this sacred object. [Smile...]
The Black Stone has long since been broken and the silver band holds together the fragments. Tradition holds that it was a meteorite and the stone was white in colour when it first landed and then blackened. The faithful attribute this change in colour to the belief that the stone absorbs the sins of the pilgrims, but it is consistent with known meteorites which are white at first but oxidise over a period of time.
'A principal sacred object in Arabian religion was the stone. . . . Such stones were thought to be the residence of a god hence the term applied to them by Byzantine Christian writers of the fifth and sixth centuries: 'baetyl', from bet'el, 'the house of god'.' 
'In north Arabian temples the image of the deity sometimes stood in the open air or could be sheltered in a qubbah, a vaulted niche. . . . Not to be confused with the qubbah is the word ka'bah, for a cube-shaped walled structure which . . . served as a shelter for the sacred stones.' 
Camphausen, in his article , reveals that the misogynic moslem religion has its origins in goddess worship. Allah is a revamped version of the ancient goddess Al'Lat, and it was her shrine which has continued - little changed - as the Ka'bah. The known history of Mohammed reveals that he was born around 570 CE into a tribe of the Quraysh, who not only worshipped the goddess Q're but were the sworn guardians of her shrine. By 622 Mohammed was preaching the ways of his god, Allah, and was driven out by his own tribe as a result.
The triple goddess
Pre-islamic worship of the goddess seems to be primarily associated with Al'Lat, which simply means 'goddess'. She is a triple goddess, similar to the Greek lunar deity Kore/Demeter/Hecate. Each aspect of this trinity corresponds to a phase of the moon. In the same way Al'Lat has three names known to the initiate: Q're, the crescent moon or the maiden; Al'Uzza, literally 'the strong one' who is the full moon and the mother aspect; then Al'Menat, the waning but wise goddess of fate, prophecy and divination. Islamic tradition continue to recognise these three but labels them 'daughters of Allah'.
According to Edward Rice  Al'Uzza was especially worshipped at the Ka'bah where she was served by seven priestesses. Her worshippers circled the holy stone seven times - once for each of the ancient seven planets - and did so in total nudity. Near the Ka'bah is the ever-flowing well, Zamzam, which cools the throats of the countless millions of pilgrims.
In an oasis of always-flowing water, the Black Stone in its mount became an unmatched image of the goddess as giver of life. Only in the Indian continent do such physical symbols for the male and female generative powers - the lingam and yoni - continue to be worshipped with their original fervour.
It is easy to imagine that in pre-moslem times the goddess's temple at Mecca was pre-eminent - whether to celebrate life, ask protection, pray for offspring. Legend tells how Abraham, unable to produce children by his wife Sarah, came here to make love to his slave Hagar. Later, when Hagar came back to give birth, she could find no water and Abraham created the holy well of Zamzam to save the life of his first son.
When Mohammed wanted to surplant Al'Lut with Allah, this was the one Temple he must conquer. Although Mohammed did conquer the Ka'bah, little else changed. The faithful still circle the Holy of Holies seven times (although, I hasten to add, now fully clothed). The priests of the sacred shrine are still known as Beni Shaybah or 'Sons of the Old Woman' - Shaybah being, of course, the famous Queen Sheeba of Solomon's times.
Sheeba appears under the guise of Lilith in the Near East and as Hagar ('the Egyptian') in the Hebrew mythology of the Old Testament. So, rewriting the legend given above, Abraham begot his son, Ishmael - the ancestor of all Arab peoples - by the goddess on the Black Stone of the Ka'bah.
While we are tracing names, Q're (or Qure), the maiden aspect of Al'Lut, seems certain to be the origin of the Greek Kore. Camphausen suggests that the holy Koran (qur'an in Arabic) is the 'Word of Qure'. Even moslems admit that the work existed before the time of Mohammed. Legend said it was copied from a divine prototype that appeared in heaven at the beginning of time, or the Mother of the Book . Al'Uzza, the mother aspect of Al'Lut, may give us the pre-dynastic Egyptian snake goddess Ua Zit [Uadjet] who develops into Isis.
Returning to the geomantic significance of the Ka'bah, Professor Hawkins has argued that it is exceedingly accurately aligned on two heavenly phenomena. These are the cycles of the moon and the rising of Canopus, the brightest star after Sirius. In a thirteenth-century Arabic manuscript by Mohammed ibn Abi Bakr Al Farisi it is stated that the alignment is set up for the setting crescent moon - an ancient symbol of the virgin-goddess which still appears in the national flags of many islamic nations. In some flags - Algeria, Mauritania, Tunisia and Turkey - the crescent is accompanied by a star, perhaps representing Canopus.
The Egyptian city known as Canopus seems also have been a goddess temple, as the Greek historian Strabo (63BCE-21CE) considered the place to be notorious for wild sexual activities. Such references typically refer to temples where sacred 'prostitution' or ritual promiscuity were part of the worship; invariably sacred objects depicting the genitals of either god and/or goddess were venerated. Such sacred promiscuity continued to be part of the Pilgrimage to Mecca, at least for some moslems. The Shi'ites from Persia were allowed to form temporary 'marriages' for the period of the pilgrimage. Any children born as a result were regarded as divine or as saints - a custom with worldwide parallels (English surnames such as Goodman, Jackson or Robinson perhaps derive from similar sacred unions with god in the form of Green Men characters such as Jack o'the Green or Robin Greenwood; I would also suggest that the original sense of 'godparent' and 'godchild' has similar origins.)
Aniconic black stone once venerated at the Temple of Aphrodite, near
Paphos, Cyprus. From photograph by Bob Trubshaw. [photo not included in this post]
More Black Stones
Deities of other cultures known to have been associated with stones include Aphrodite at Paphos, Cybele at Pessinus and later Rome, Astarte at Byblos and the famous Artemis/Diana of Ephesus. The latter's most ancient sculpture was, it is said, carved from a black meteorite.
The earliest form of Cybele's name may have been Kubaba or Kumbaba which suggests Humbaba, who was the guardian of the forest in the Epic of Gilgamesh (the world's oldest recorded myth from Assyria of c.2500BCE and, as scholars reveal more of the text, increasingly the source of most of the major mythological themes of later civilisations ) . The origin of Kubaba may have been kube or kuba meaning (guess what) - 'cube'. The earliest reference we have to a goddess worshipped as a cube-shaped stone is from neolithic Anatolia . Alternatively, 'Kubaba' may mean a hollow vessel or cave - which would still be a supreme image of the goddess. The ideograms for Kubaba in the Hittite alphabet are a lozenge or cube, a double-headed axe, a dove, a vase and a door or gate - all images of the goddess in neolithic Europe.
The stone associated with Cybele's worship was, originally, probably at Pessinus but perhaps at Pergamum or on Mount Ida. What is certain is that in 204 BCE it was taken to Rome, where Cybele became 'Mother' to the Romans. The ecstatic rites of her worship were alien to the Roman temperament, but nevertheless animated the streets of their city during the annual procession of the goddess's statue. Alongside Isis, Cybele retained prominence in the heart of the Empire until the fifth century CE; the stone was then lost. Her cult prospered throughout the Empire and it is said that every town or village remained true to the worship of Cybele .
The home of Aphrodite was at Paphos on Cyprus. Various Classical writers describe the rituals which went on her in her honour - these seem to include the practice which is now known by the disdainful term of 'sacred prostitution'. In any event, the tapering black stone which was the object of verneration at this Temple still survives, even if it now placed inside the site musuem .
Also on Cyprus is another highly venerated islamic site - the third most important after Mecca and Medina - the Hala Sultan Tekke. This, too, has a black rock, said to have fallen as a meteorite as part of the tritholon over the shrine. The shrine is to a woman - the aunt and foster mother of Prophet Mohammed . Could this, like Mecca, have been originally a goddess shrine? Unfortunately no other clues are forthcoming.
Another site stated to have a Black Stone was at Petra, but I have been unable to discover where this was or who was worshipped there - could any readers who know please write in!
To add a little local flavour, numerous standing stones in the British Isles are reputed to have fallen from the stars. The now-lost Star Stone marked the meeting of Leicestershire, Nottinghamshire and Lincolnshire; an also-vanished stone at Grimston, Leicestershire, was also said to have such an origin. However, whether or not such stones were ever associated with goddess worship we will never know.
It would take far too long to discuss to what extent the cult of the goddess's Black Stone may have been perpetrated as Solomon's bride in the Song of Songs, who is 'black but beautiful' or to come to terms with the black images of Demeter, Artemis and Isis who have their direct continuation in the Black Virgins of Europe - patrons of the troubadours, the gnostics and the alchemists, as well as the present Pope. Those who wish to follow such ideas would do well to read The myth of the goddess  which, in a sober but inspirational manner, re-evaluates how the feminine deity has remained with us throughout history.
Further information on these topics appears in a follow-up article by Alby Stone Goddess of the Black Stone.
 Richard Burton, A personal narrative of a pilgrimage to Al-Medinah and Meccah, London 1856.
 Hussein Yoshio Hirashima, The road to holy Mecca, Kodansha (Japan), 1972.
 Anon., Pilgrimage to Mecca, Sud-Editions (Tunis) 1978 and East-West Publications (London) 1980.
 Encyclopedia Brittanica.
 Rufus C. Camphausen, 'The Ka'bah at Mecca', Bres (Holland) No.139, 1989. My thanks to Rufus for bringing this article to my attention; this article of mine is in large part a synopsis of his longer work. See also 'From behind a veil', Flora Green, in The cauldron No.61 (reprinted from The Merrymount messenger Winter 1991).
 E. Rice, Easter definitions, Doubleday, 1978 (cited in Camphausen).
 Barbara G. Walker, The crone, Harper & Row, 1985 (cited in Camphausen).
 See Robert Temple's recent translation He who saw everything, Rider, 1991.
 Anne Baring and Jules Cashford, The myth of the goddess, Penguin, 1991.
 Maarten J. Vermaseren, Cybele and Attis, trans. A.M.H. Lemmers, Thames and Hudson, 1977 (cited in Baring and Cashford, op. cit.).
 'Aphrodite's island', Penny Drayton, Wood & water, Vol.2, No.41, Jan 1993.
 Baring and Cashford, op. cit.
Originally published in Mercian Mysteries No.14 February 1993.
At the Edge home page
Index of articles uploaded
Copyright 1993, 1996, 2001. No unauthorised copying or reproduction except if all following conditions apply: a: Copy is complete (including this copyright statement). b: No changes are made. c: No charge is made.
At the Edge / Bob Trubshaw / firstname.lastname@example.org
Created April 1996; updated August 2001
It's not coincidence that the form of the sacred black stone is generally described as the shape of the sacred yoni (see photo above), formed by two crescent moons crossed over each other, also the form of the fish of the Goddess, the vesica pisces - a well known architectural form incorporated into many of the great cathedrals constructed during the medieval period dedicated to the Virgin Mary - the Queen of Heaven.
For some interesting graphics, see The Goddess, her eternal symbols
Basic information on the Vesica Pisces from Wikipedia
Some more interesting graphics and information at the Library of Alexandria
Posted by Jan at 4:55 PM
Labels: black stone, Ka'bah, Kaaba, Mecca, Omphalos
Abdulla Jamal, Bahrain said...
This Article Is way out of track !!
the writer seems to be "uneduacated" enogh to come out with such analysis about the black stone, kabah and islam !!
anyone who has read a little about islam will easily discover that it is the last episode if the "devine" religion's series.
but after all, it is the freedome of speech:)
i advise you all to seek more articles about the methodoligy of islam other thatn this one !
May 7, 2008 3:28 AM
oh and also ..
the translation of arabic words in this article, is so wrong !
May 7, 2008 3:30 AM
I cannot believe the amount of deliberate disinformation that is being circulated on the net about Islam these days, One constant theme I notice is that people label Islam as a polytheist faith by sometimes mentioning pre-Islamic idol names of the pagan Arabs who were polytheists, which was before the time of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), all this is bogus and the naivety quite frankly baffles me.
With regards to the Black Stone (Hajar-al-aswad not yoni as someone mentioned), the info is inaccurate, a quick Google search and a reliable source would answer your questions regarding its origin and how it came about and whats its role.
Try this http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Stone#Ritual_role
March 4, 2009 1:14 PM
I guess the person who wrote this article isnt aware of arabic,History nor arabic traditions and culture
neither arab history, or the zeal of arabs to write down their ancestory leading to adam
even till today
Sheba doesnot mean old women but means Old Man and was the name of THe Prophet Mohammed (pbuh)'s grandfather who was nick named Abdul Mutalib
No woman ever held the seat to the leader ship of Quraish.i could qoute the linage from Adnan to Mohammad but it would take too much space..
Quraish was Named after one of the relatives (father/son) of Hashim
the black stone was the corner stone and was never worshiped throughout history (till today muslims see it as a direction and not a worship diety Second Caliph Omer Said "If i had not seen The Prophet kiss thee i would have thrown thee out of the Kaba"
The silver casing was placed very late after the Stone had broken into 8 peices to hold them in Place
Please get your Facts right:)God bless you and May he Guide you and me as well:)
June 12, 2009 6:37 PM
Thank you for your comments. I believe that Barbara Walker's scholarship is solid. You do not have to agree with her findings and interpretations, but that does not make them false. The Edge article was also well-researched.
These are not the only articles that I have found that talk about the goddess worshipping culture of the people of Arabia in the pre-Islamic age. The evidence for this is well established in archaeology even while the old pre-Islamic myths and legends of the people have been distorted to reflect a much later patriarchal gloss.
I can understand why a Muslim would be incredulous or incensed at many of the things written about by Dr. Walker and in The Edge article. The same has been true of the fathers of the Christian churches who have been offended and claim as untrue many things written by many people. A thousand years ago the church fathers burned such people at the stake and burned everything they wrote. The church leaders no longer do so today, because they have learned it is a losing battle to try and suppress a person's right to form his own beliefs and to learn what history has to teach us. All efforts - by a religion, a cult, a political movement or a government - are eventually doomed to fail. This is one certain thing that history teaches us over and over!
I believe that a person with an open mind who wants to become informed must learn to separate historical facts from religious traditions. It is not always easy to do this, and it may be impossible for some.
June 12, 2009 7:20 PM
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Mohammed's Rough Draft
46:29 brings up the jinns again, that we saw in ch72. I just can't take this serious: BWAAHAHAHA, those pagans are so STOOPID! They think there is one main supernatural being over everything, called Hubal. What a joke! ...
Posted by uzza at April 18, 2009 11:06 AM
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Posted by uzza at November 8, 2008 4:11 PM
The Black Stone at Mecca
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Posted by Morgaine at March 2, 2008 4:37 PM
In the 60's, people took acid to make the world weird. Now the world is weird and people take Prozac to make it normal.
As a reputed atheist, the reverential nature of his film was surprising, but Pasolini himself said &If you know that I am an unbeliever, then you know me better than I do myself. I may be an unbeliever, but I am an unbeliever who has a nostalgia for a belief.&
09-09-2009, 09:41 PM (This post was last modified: 09-09-2009 10:18 PM by mastermg.)
The Black Stone at Mecca
Yeah the article does try to correlate old pagan Arabia with Islam. From what I know (not many Muslims agree with me), the stone is just that, a stone. Some Muslims believe it came from heaven but there is no proof in the Quran for that. The rock isn't even mentioned in the Quran. It was there at the time of Abraham when he built the Kaaba, and it is somewhat significant because he climbed on it to build the kaaba, but Muslims do not worship it. Its said it still has his footprint on it. We dont know because it is protected and covered.
Theres too much to comment on. At the Prophet's (pbuh) time, the word Allah was not a new invention. The author is trying to say something like, since there is a "God" in Christianity (for example), then it must have come from the Goddess the pagans worshipped before the "new" "God" came out. Allah actually first showed up in the original Torah (Armaic).
What else.. Yeah after Abraham, the pagans took over the kaaba and placed their idols in and around the kaaba. Theres three idols that still stand there today and are used symbolically in Islam to throw pebbles at. Calling them "Allah's daughters" is called "shirk" in Islam and is considered the worst of all sins that can be commited. The idols resemble devils if anything in Islam. Lastly, Mohammad (pbuh) then took back Makkah from the pagans.
Ed: I could comment more. The number 7 in Islam didn't just come from the pagan tradition of circling the stonr.
* The number of ayat in surat al-Fatiha.
* The number of heavens in Islamic tradition.
* The number of levels of Earth in Islamic tradition.
* The number of circumambulations (Tawaf) that are made around the Kaaba
* The number of walks between Al-Safa and Al-Marwah mountains -that is travelling back and forth- seven times during the ritual pilgrimages of Hajj and Umrah.
* The number of fires in hell. i.e the 7 fires of hell.
* The number of doors to hell is also seven.
09-11-2009, 08:37 PM
The Black Stone at Mecca
I've read this before but interesting tidbits are new -- Harem comes from Haram as Temple of Women from Har which is where Harlot comes from.... fascinating connections. The black stone meteorite thing is a big deal -- connects to the Black Mary Madonnas in Europe -- did the author mention this -- didn't notice.... But the Scythian Black Stone connect was brought over by the Romans I think -- there was a castration cult around it -- or... Cybele worship -- that was it.
Then there's the space connection with lodestones in Egypt as well. magnetic healing powers.
Oh yeah I went back and see there's the Cybele connection in there. Very excellent research.
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