11-10-2011, 09:09 AM
Quote:US Researchers And Pharmaceutical Companies Conducting Human Experimentation in Africahttp://www.constitutioncampaign.org/blog/?p=4283
By Farid Zakaria
November 7, 2011
A new policy brief (PDF Also see attached below) faults prominent institutions and drug companies like Pfizer, Columbia University, Johns Hopkins University, and Population Council, for their involvement in unethical and illegal human experimentation in Africa.
The report is titled “Non-Consensual Research in Africa: The Outsourcing of Tuskegee” in reference to the illegal human experiment conducted in Tuskegee, Alabama, between 1932 and 1972 by the US Public Health Service. In that experiment, some 600 impoverished African-American men were observed in a study on the progression of untreated syphilis. Some of the men were intentionally infected with the disease and all of them were denied the cure. Regrettably, the report notes, no one was held accountable for this crime against humanity.
The new report details human experiments led by US researchers and drug companies on Africans who are typically undereducated, poor, and lack full understanding of their rights. The human subjects often are led to believe that they are receiving medical treatment from governmental health services or health ministries.
These practices hearken back to the appalling experiments carried out by US researchers in Guatemala in the 1940s where hundreds of Guatemalans were deliberately infected with sexually transmitted diseases without information or consent. President Obama formally apologized to Guatemala for these experiments last year.
Human experimentation in the United States is regulated by the Office of Research Integrity and various Ethical Research Institutional Boards. Many African countries lack these institutions. Even when they exist, they lack independence and are controlled by corrupt government officials.
In one experiment on HIV sponsored by Gilead Sciences, the Centers for Disease Control, and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and operated by Family Health International, Cameroonian subjects were given details about the experiment in English even though many spoke only French and were illiterate. Five women were allegedly infected with HIV in the experiment but were not given antiretroviral drugs.
In another experiment in Nigeria led by Pfizer physicians, researchers injected children with an antibiotic called Trovan during a meningitis outbreak without providing their families with informed consent forms that fully disclose the side effects and purpose of the experiment. Eleven children died and many were left paralyzed.
In South Africa and Namibia, mothers with HIV/AIDS are routinely sterilized without their informed consent. Countries that perform these procedures are known to receive funding in the form of grants and incentives from USAID and other aid organizations.
The report explains that US researchers and drug companies violate the laws and protocols of the Declaration at Helsinki (1964) and the Belmont Report which provide ethical guidelines on human experimentation.
Moreover, the results of unethical and fraudulent experiments are laundered in the United States and Europe through the peer-review system. Many of the “peers” who review these experiments are themselves involved in the same unethical conduct. Others are concerned about the possibility of professional alienation if they speak out.
The authors make several demands so that these practices are ended. They include holding congressional hearings so that the matter is brought to the public’s attention and enacting new legislation to ensure that drugs are not approved by the FDA unless the research on which they are based comply with ethical research principles.
Although the article points to select US atrocities, they are not isolated to US researchers and pharmaceutical companies in the very report they reference which names a good deal of names (of companies) outside this brief summary article above.
Other Entities involved:
Boehringer Ingelheim (Germany)
University of Tennessee Medical Group
Division of AIDS (DAIDS)
National Institutes of Health
Johns Hopkins University
Bloomberg School of Public Health
Westat (Private Medical Contractor)
Non-Consensual Research in Africa: The Outsourcing of Tuskegee (26 Pages)
United States biomedical researchers and pharmaceutical companies are conducting and paying African doctors to conduct unethical and illegal testing of human subjects. Non-consensual research on human subjects is an atrocity that occurred in Tuskegee, Alabama, and in Guatemala for over forty years. Once outlawed in the U.S., medical researchers began experimenting on thousands of human research subjects without their consent in Cameroon, Ghana, Namibia, Nigeria, Uganda, South Africa, Zimbabwe and other African countries.
Believing they were receiving routine medical care, some African women and children were used to test medication for HIV, malaria, and meningitis, often resulting in infection, and/or even death. These unethical research practices coupled with the failure to get signed informed consent violate multiple U.S. and international laws.
The Rebecca Project recommends holding congressional hearings, convening a ―Global Leadership Ethical Research Forum‖ through the Council on Foundations for government and private funders, Food and Drug Administration (FDA) reform, and further collaboration with advocates and law enforcement to help protect victims and whistleblowers by ending these Crimes Against Humanity.
Source URL: http://www.rebeccaproject.org/images/sto...0913_1.pdf
Although it does villify US companies and US institutions, and rightly so, it seems to pinpoint the US as the sole root of all big pharma and biomedical evil.
Related Thread It's not just Pfizer and hardly isolated to Nigerian victims but they sure have a bad track record when it comes to using humans as guinea pigs, but I suppose PETA likes that considering their abhorrence for guinea pig testing:
Feds found Pfizer too big to nail
Pfizer Used 200 Nigerian Infants and Children as Pharmaceutical Test Subjects